Oil Spills devastates Swamps in Ikeinghenbiri Community, Nigeria

Description

Ikeinghenbiri community, located in Olodiama Clan, in Southern Ijaw Local Government Area of Bayelsa State suffered another major oil spill from the Nigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) pipelines due to operational failure. The spill, which occurred in September 2011 has polluted the swampy environment, and hindered fishing activities in the area. The oil company had clamped the leaking point, but has yet to clean the spillage within the area. Mr. Marshall Amabebe, chairman of the communitys development group, said the community immediately informed the oil company when the spill was noticed, regretting however that after we led Agip to the site, the company later came back with a gunboat and soldiers on October 2nd, 2011 to intimidate the community people.

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Basic Data
NameOil Spills devastates Swamps in Ikeinghenbiri Community, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceBaylesa
SiteOlodiama Clan, in Southern Ijaw Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population40,000 to 50,000
Start Date09/2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesNigeria Agip Oil Company (NAOC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNigerian National Petroleum Corporation
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action, Oilwatch Africa, Oilwatch Nigeria, Nigerian Media, Community Groups.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Oil spills, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Air pollution, Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Malnutrition, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Development of Alternatives1. The community and other mobilizers call on the National Oil Spill Detection and other related agencies of government to take positive steps to ensure the polluted environment is clean up by Agip.

2. Agip should take measures to stop the crude oil from spreading further in the swamp and into the Ikebiri River.

3. Agip should cleanup the impacted environment: the swamp and any other site polluted by the spill.

4. Community demands copy of the Joint Investigation Visit.(JIV), and proper EIA must be carried out to ascertain the impact of the spill on the peoples health, environment and livelihoods.

5. Adequate Compensation must be paid to the community people

Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Environmental Justice has not been served, as clean up of the spill in the swamps has not been carried out. The oil company is yet to pay compensation to the affected community people.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outsider Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules, laws policies and guidelines.

References

NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007.

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Meta Information
ContributorGodwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014
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