Oil Spills in Khanty-Mansi Region, Russia

Description

In the number one oil-producing region in Russia – the Khanty-Mansi region in Northwestern Siberia – the annual oil spills from pipelines amounted to 5,781.4 tons on an area of 229.6 hectares in 2009. In 2010, Russian company Rosneft alone spilled 3,738 tons, and in 2011 a total of 5,289 tons of oil was spilled in the region. (2, 3) The annual spill of crude oil in Russia is as much as 5 million tons, which is nearly six times the amount spilled in the Gulf of Mexico in 2010. (4) Gennady Bukhtin, Deputy Governor of the region, stated that there are over 4,000 ha of oil spills in the Khanty-Mansi region alone and the cost for restoration is estimated at $45,000-60,500 (1.5-2 million rubles) per ha (1). The company Rosneft represented 75% of the oil spills in 2011 but are joined by companies such as Lukoil, Surgutneftegaz and TNK-BP (3).

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Basic Data
NameOil Spills in Khanty-Mansi Region, Russia
CountryRussian Federation
ProvinceKhanty-Mansi
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Deforestation
Gas flaring
Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsBy 2020, the expected oil production in Western Siberia shall amount to 290- million tons per year (2)
Project Area (in hectares)4,000: (1)
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population250
Company Names or State EnterprisesRosneft from Russian Federation
Lukoil from Russian Federation
TNK-ВР from Russian Federation
Tomskneft VNK from Russian Federation
Surgutneftegaz
Relevant government actorsThe Economic Development Ministry
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersGreenpeace, www.greenpeace.org, World Wildlife Fund, www.wwf.org
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)UNKNOWN
When did the mobilization beginUNKNOWN
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Global warming
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Accidents, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Repression
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Despite criticism from EJOs, the Russian oil companies continue their operations using infrastructure that is falling apart from age and corrosion, leaving the indigenous inhabitants of the Khanty-Mansi region with heavily polluted nature and decreasing means for sustenance.
Sources and Materials
References

OF OIL-AND-GAS PRODUCTION COMPLEX IN NIZHNEVARTOVSK REGION, Oil and Gas Business, No. 4, 2011, pp. 78-81.
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D. V. Moskovchenko, 2005, Oil Products in Bottom Sediments of Water Bodies in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Water Resources, Vol. 32, No. 1, 2005, pp. 79–83.
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Vaver O.Y., 2012, THE ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL CONFLICTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT IN THE KHANTY-MANSI AUTONOMOUS OKRUG – UGRA, Geographical Sciences, No. 11, 2012, pp. 533-537 (In Russian)
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(2) G.K. Hodzhaeva, 2011, FEATURES OF LAND POLLUTION BY ENTERPRISES

Links

(6) 'If the oil men leave us in peace, we'll always be able support ourselves.' - A trip to reindeer herders' family in Siberia,
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(1) THE AUTHORITIES OF THE KHANTY-MANSIYSK AUTONOMOUS DISTRICT ARE GOING TO RECLAMATE ALL AREAS SUFFERED FROM OIL SPILLS WITHIN 4 YEARS.
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(3) Dismal spill findings on Russian state oil giant should give Norwegian partner Statoil pause
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(4) The Moskow News, Choking over spilled oil
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(5) Exposing oil exploitation in the Russian Arctic
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(7) Чем больше добываем – тем больше разливаем?
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(8) Khanty Mansi Oil Development
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Daily routine of oil giant Rosneft: oil drilling=oil spilling
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Shocking Siberian Oil Spillage
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Our blackened boots expose the truth in the Russian Arctic
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Black Snow: Oil and the Khanty of West Siberia
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Media Links

Our blackened boots expose the truth in the Russian Arctic
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years of destruction
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Oil spills at Mamontovskoye oil field in Khanty-Mansi Okrug
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Meta Information
ContributorLinda Dubec
Last update08/04/2014
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