Ojnare Forest Lime Stone Mine, Gotland, Sweden


In 2012 the Finnish company Nordkalk were granted permission by the Swedish Land and Environment Court to mine for lime at the site Bunge-Ducker on the island of Gotland in Sweden. The mining site is located close to two Natura 2000 areas (Natura 2000 is a nature protection network initiated by the EU), close to a ground water supply area known as Bästeträsk that supplies the entire northern part of Gotland with fresh water. The site is located in the Ojnare Forest, a forest suggested by the Swedish EPA to become a national park because of its unique character. The Ojnare Forest consists to 80 percent of key habitats, and is inhabited by 265 red listed species, whereof three exist only there in the entire world.

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Basic Data
NameOjnare Forest Lime Stone Mine, Gotland, Sweden
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Specific CommoditiesLime Stone
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe site contains 61.7 million tonnes of lime in an area of 170 ha, down to a depth of approximately 25 meters. The expectations were that Nordkalk would be able to mine for lime to a value of 15 billion SEK, and that the mine would give 60 work opportunities during 25 years.

Project Area (in hectares)170
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date07/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesNordkalk from Finland
Relevant government actorsThe Swedish Land and Environmental Court, The Swedish Supreme Court, The Swedish EPA
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFältbiologerna (www.faltbiologerna.se), Naturskyddsföreningen (http://www.naturskyddsforeningen.se/), Bevara Ojnareskogen (http://www.ojnareskogen.se/), The Swedish EPA (www.naturvardsverket.se)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
Project cancelled
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.Thanks to the protests and media attention of the conflict, the previous court decision (to let Nordkalk mine for lime stone) was reviewed and withdrawn to the favor of environmental justice. The company is no longer allowed to mine in the area and there is hope that the area might become a national park.
Sources and Materials

Natura 2000 ()
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Vattnet riskerar bli odrickbart, Hela Gotland, , in Swedish
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Protesterande tar plats i Ojnareskogen, Hela Gotland, , in Swedish
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Lång protest i skogen vid Ojnare, Hela Gotland, , in Swedish
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Därför ger vi oss ut och försvarar Ojnareskogen mot Nordkalk, Hela Gotland, , in Swedish
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Stoppa planerna på kalkbrytning, Fria Tidningen, , in Swedish
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Tältaktion ska stoppa avverkningen, Fria Tidningen, , in Swedish
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Hotade Ojnareskogen: En global angelägenhet, Internationalen, , in Swedish
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Demonstranter stoppas på Gotland, Svenska Dagbladet, , in Swedish
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Polisen flyttar på aktivister, Svenska Dagbladet, , in Swedish
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Miljöaktivisterna: 'Vi vann!', Sveriges Television, , in Swedish
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Tillsammans satte vi stopp för Nordkalk, ETC, , in Swedish
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Meta Information
ContributorLinda Dubec
Last update08/04/2014