Ojnare Forest Lime Stone Mine, Gotland, Sweden

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">In 2012 the Finnish company Nordkalk were granted permission by the Swedish Land and Environment Court to mine for lime at the site Bunge-Ducker on the island of Gotland in Sweden. The mining site is located close to two Natura 2000 areas (Natura 2000 is a nature protection network initiated by the EU), close to a ground water supply area known as Bästeträsk that supplies the entire northern part of Gotland with fresh water. The site is located in the Ojnare Forest, a forest suggested by the Swedish EPA to become a national park because of its unique character. The Ojnare Forest consists to 80 percent of key habitats, and is inhabited by 265 red listed species, whereof three exist only there in the entire world. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> As soon as the court decision was known, a group of activists from the Swedish national EJO Fältbiologerna occupied the land to stop the company from starting their mining preparations. The protests resulted in the largest police presence in the history of Gotland with people being carried away from the site by the police. <br/><br/> Thanks to the protests and media attention, the court decision was reviewed in the Swedish judicial system, and the permission granted to Nordkalk to mine for lime was withdrawn. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Ojnare Forest Lime Stone Mine, Gotland, Sweden</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/sweden">Sweden</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Gotland</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Ojnare</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Deforestation<br /> Mineral ore exploration</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td>Lime Stone</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">The site contains 61.7 million tonnes of lime in an area of 170 ha, down to a depth of approximately 25 meters. The expectations were that Nordkalk would be able to mine for lime to a value of 15 billion SEK, and that the mine would give 60 work opportunities during 25 years. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>170</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>07/2012</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/nordkalk'>Nordkalk</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/finland'><small>Finland</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>The Swedish Land and Environmental Court, The Swedish Supreme Court, The Swedish EPA</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Fältbiologerna (www.faltbiologerna.se), Naturskyddsföreningen (http://www.naturskyddsforeningen.se/), Bevara Ojnareskogen (http://www.ojnareskogen.se/), The Swedish EPA (www.naturvardsverket.se)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Social movements</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Blockades<br /> Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Court decision (victory for environmental justice)<br /> Project cancelled</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Thanks to the protests and media attention of the conflict, the previous court decision (to let Nordkalk mine for lime stone) was reviewed and withdrawn to the favor of environmental justice. The company is no longer allowed to mine in the area and there is hope that the area might become a national park.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Natura 2000 ()<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/natura2000/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Vattnet riskerar bli odrickbart, Hela Gotland, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.helagotland.se/nyheter/artikel.aspx?articleid=7795899" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Protesterande tar plats i Ojnareskogen, Hela Gotland, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.helagotland.se/nyheter/artikel.aspx?articleid=7801218" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Lång protest i skogen vid Ojnare, Hela Gotland, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.helagotland.se/nyheter/artikel.aspx?articleid=7810284" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Därför ger vi oss ut och försvarar Ojnareskogen mot Nordkalk, Hela Gotland, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.helagotland.se/nyheter/artikel.aspx?articleid=7816869" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Stoppa planerna på kalkbrytning, Fria Tidningen, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.fria.nu/artikel/93754" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Tältaktion ska stoppa avverkningen, Fria Tidningen, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.fria.nu/artikel/93740#ixzz20tQqkcO5" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Hotade Ojnareskogen: En global angelägenhet, Internationalen, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.internationalen.se/2012/07/hotade-ojnareskogen-en-global-angelagenhet/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Demonstranter stoppas på Gotland, Svenska Dagbladet, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.svd.se/nyheter/inrikes/demonstranter-stoppas-pa-gotland_7453866.svd" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Polisen flyttar på aktivister, Svenska Dagbladet, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.svd.se/nyheter/inrikes/aktivister-i-bunge-stoppade-av-polisen_7453966.svd" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Miljöaktivisterna: 'Vi vann!', Sveriges Television, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.svt.se/nyheter/regionalt/ostnytt/miljoaktivisterna-vi-vann" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Tillsammans satte vi stopp för Nordkalk, ETC, , in Swedish<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.etc.se/debatt/tillsammans-satte-vi-stopp-nordkalk" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Linda Dubec</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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