Pak Bara deep sea port project, Thailand

Satun’s Mu Ko Phetra National Park, a source of local food and major tourism income is currently threatened with disappearance for building the Pak Bara Deep Sea Project . Villagers are protesting and demanding the cancellation of this project.


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">The Transport Ministry plans to link the new port in Satun province on the Andaman coast with a port in Songkhla province facing the Gulf of Thailand. Under the plan, it will be able to handle large container ships and supertankers from Europe, the Middle East, Africa and South Asia [1]. According to the Nation news in 2015, the Pak Bara Deep-sea Port project has been put on hold several times due to environmental concern and opposition from locals. The first proposal was in 1993 [4]. Local population warn of the multiple and potential negative  impact the project will bring to the Andaman coast.  It  would harm Satun’s Mu Ko Phetra National Park, a source of local food and major tourism income.  So local population are protesting and demanding the cancellation of the Pak Bara Deep Sea Port. As a protest, in October 2013, villagers marched about 220km from Pak Bara community to Songkhla [communities that will be afected by the port construction]. However, the Ministry of Transport ensures that " The port would be a green project which will not cause environment problem but will help promote tourism, transport and rail development" (Jun 2015) [3]. According to Bankong Post, there is one Environmental Impact Assessment approved in 2007, and the environmental health impact assessment (EHIA) is being developed and expected to be finished in 2016 . </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Pak Bara deep sea port project, Thailand</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/thailand">Thailand</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Satun province</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Andaman coast, La Ngu district</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Infrastructure and Built Environment</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Ports and airport projects<br /> Deforestation<br /> Land acquisition conflicts<br /> Wetlands and coastal zone management</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br />Coastal area</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">It will open a logistics route between the Indian Ocean and the Gulf of Thailand to the South China Sea. The port will be capable of accommodating large container ships and supertankers from Europe, the Middle East, Africa and South Asia.</div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">The project would suck up 13 million cubic metres of sand from the sea bed and require the blasting of 10 mountains to gather enough soil for landfill.<br/><br/>General service terminal with 300 m. long<br/><br/>Navigating Channel in primary stage will be dredged into -14.0 m. from lowest water level with 180 m. wide, and turning basin of 600 m. diameter sized.<br/><br/>Breakwater filled construction of 1,700 m. long.<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>163,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Semi-urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>The Marine Department<br/><br/> Ministry of Transport</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Sueb Nakhasathien Foundation <br/><br/>Silent Power (an activist student group at Thammasat University)<br/><br/>The Network of Satun Watch</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Anti-government movement, students <br /> </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Accidents, Malnutrition</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The project is advancing. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> [2] Pak Bara Deep Sea Port Project<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.attconsult.com/project-port_coastal/project-PakBaraDeepSeaPort.php" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [1] Protest against Pak Bara deep sea port in Satun<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.hellenicshippingnews.com/protest-against-pak-bara-deep-sea-port-in-satun/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [3] Transport Minister assures Pak Bara deep-sea port project is a “green” project<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://englishnews.thaipbs.or.th/transport-minister-assures-pak-bara-deep-sea-port-project-is-a-green-project/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> [4] Prajin sets deadline for Pak Bara port plan<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.bangkokpost.com/print/589933/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Conservationists join anti-government movement<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.bangkokpost.com/print/395786/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> T.V news: Villagers to march against Pak Bara deep sea port construction<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T12kCX_iWm4" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>Source: http://www.bangkokpost.com/print/395786/</strong> A graphic rendition of Pak Bara Deep Sea Port which is to be built in Langu district of Satun province.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/02_PakBariPort_Thailand.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Source: Paritta Wangkiat </strong> Demonstrators raise flags while traveling on roads in Satun to voice opposition to the Pak Bara deep sea port project. Oct 2015<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/02_PakBariPorto_Protest.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Carros de Combate and SM (ICTA-UAB)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>18/12/2016</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
Comments