Pampa Colorada - Minera Escondida

Description
Pampa Colorada se ubica en la cercania de los poblados de Peine, Socaire y Toconao, al sur este del pueblo de San Pedro, en el altiplano de la comuna de San Pedro de Atacama,a 4 mil metros sobre el nivel del mar, cerca de la frontera con Argentina.
See more...
Basic Data
NamePampa Colorada - Minera Escondida
CountryChile
ProvinceAtacama
SiteToconao
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Tailings from mines
Mineral processing
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesCopper
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAmpliacion de Mina Escondida vida util 20 años más 1027 litros/seg.

Level of Investment (in USD)300000000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population2000
Start Date2006
Company Names or State EnterprisesCompañia Minera Escondida S.A. from Chile
BHP Billiton (BHP) from Australia - it controls the 57,5% of the shares
Rio Tinto (Rio Tinto ) from Australia - it controls the 30%
Jeco Corporation
Relevant government actorsComision Regional de Medio Ambiente, Municipio de San Pedro de Atacama
International and Financial InstitutionsWorld Bank (WB)
Corporación financiera internacional,
Environmental justice organisations and other supporterscomunidades de Peine, Socaire, Chiu-Chiu y Toconao
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherThreat to archeological remains
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseStrengthening of participation
Fostering a culture of peace
Application of existing regulations
Project cancelled
Decision de autoridad ambiental Lack of permission from environmental authority, COREMA
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.El Estado negó a una importante empresa transnacionallos permisos para la explotacion de agua, por protestas indígenas y cívicas 8con banderas negras).

Sources and Materials
Legislations

Convenio 169 de la OIT
[click to view]

COREMA, Antofagasta 25 de octubre del 2007, rechazo

al proyecto Pampa Colorada de la Minera Escondida Limitada.

References

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Larrain, Sara y otros, Conflictos por el Agua en Chile: Entre los derechos humanos y las

reglas del mercado, Cap 1.7 Intento de mayor extraccion de aguas por

Minera Escondida.

Web Infoandina

Links

00026.pdf
[click to view]

[click to view]

[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez y Joan Martinez Alier
Last update08/04/2014
Comments