Panantza - San Carlos, Ecuador

Description
Los yacimientos cupriferos Panantza y San Carlos se ubican en la Provincia de Morona-Santiago, en el Canton San Juan Bosco, al sureste de Ecuador cerca de la frontera con Peru, a 1.100 metros sobre el nivel del mar, en una zona de alta biodiversidad y habitado por comunidades indigenas Shuar (conocidas a nivel mundial por la elaboracion de las miticas tzantas o cabezas humanas reducidas). Se estima su construccion en 2013, e inicio de operaciones en 2015.
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Basic Data
NamePanantza - San Carlos, Ecuador
CountryEcuador
ProvinceMorona Santiago
SiteSan Juan Bosco
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Tailings from mines
Mineral ore exploration
Specific CommoditiesGold
Copper
Silver
Molibdeno
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsMina a cielo abierto Vida util 20 años Reservas inferidas 678 millones de toneladas material mineralizado 500 millones libras de cobre anual (primeros 10 años) 30.000 oz de oro anual (primeros 10 años) 1.110.000 oz de plata anual (primeros 10 años) 3 millones de libras de molibdeno anual (primeros 10 años) Planta con capacidad procesamiento 90.000 toneladas/da 2.000 empleos (perodo de construccin) 500 empleos permanentes
Project Area (in hectares)3200
Level of Investment (in USD)1300000000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population248,000 aprox.145,000 (Morona Santiago); 103,000 (
Start Date2006
Company Names or State EnterprisesEcuacorriente S.A. from Ecuador
CRCC-Tongguan Investment Co. Ltd. from China
Tongling Nonferrous Metals Group Holdings Co. Ltd. from China
China Railway Construction Corporation (CRCC) from China
Relevant government actorsGobierno Nacional, Ministerio de Recursos Naturales no Renovables, Ministerio del Ambiente
International and Financial InstitutionsUN Special Rapporteur on the rights of indigenous peoples
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Environmental justice organisations and other supportersConfederacion de Nacionalidades Indigenas del Ecuador CONAIE, Confederacion de Nacionalidades Indigenas de la Amazonia Ecuatoriana CONFENIAE, Asociacion Tarimiant, INREDH, CDES, Accion Ecologica
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNew legislation
Under negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Al parecer el gobierno está decidido a empezar con estos proyectos, por su

lado las organizaciones populares han tomado la resolucion de no

permitir la explotacion minera
Sources and Materials
Legislations

minero&source=web&cd=2&ved=0CGAQFjAB&url=http://observatorio.cdes.org.ec/component/docman/doc_download/382-mandato-minero.html&ei=FSewT9zpGIT-9QTrjJHzCA&usg=AFQjCNECMSs7yIORkbzOAEPR3qxHNFKuQw&cad=rja
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Nueva Ley de Minera enero de 2009
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Mandato Minero

References

Web Corriente Resources Inc. -
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PROYECTO MIRADOR: REVISION CRITICA DE LOS EIAs
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Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL

Periodico electronico La Republica, diciembre de 2011

Links

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Media Links

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Other CommentsEnthusiastic comments on Chinese mining firms from Ecuadors representative in Beijing, http://hectorenchina.blogspot.com.es/2013/09/empresas-chinas-sector-mineria-tongling.html
Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chávez y Joan Martinez Alier
Last update08/04/2014
Comments