Pande and Temene Gas Field, Mozambique

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">Gas was found in Pande and Temane in 1961 and 1967, respectively. In 2004, the South African Sasol bought the rights from Enron to explore gas in this region. The project includes a pipeline which runs from the gas fields in Inhambane to its Secunda plant in South Africa. SASOL attempted to register this project as a CDM but environmental organizations protested this decision on the basis that the company already planned to make this investment. The CDM was rejected. This year the company announced plans to build a plant to generate electricity from gas in Ressano Garcia, which lies on the border with South Africa. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Pande and Temene Gas Field, Mozambique</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/mozambique">Mozambique</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Inhambane</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Pande and Temane</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Oil and gas refining<br /> Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)<br /> Gas flaring<br /> REDD/CDM<br /> Oil and gas exploration and extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/electricity'>Electricity</a><br /><a href='/commodity/carbon-offsets'>Carbon offsets</a><br /><a href='/commodity/natural-gas'>Natural Gas</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">This is a billian dollar project, supported by the Mozambican government, investors, and the South African state. SASOL pays taxes primarily through granting the Mozambican state 5% of the gas produced, as well by setting up 'socially responsible' projects. Currently the company is exploring 147 million gigajoules annually. Only 3 million gigajoules are consumed by Mozambique. This goes primarily to large industries such as Mozal and Cimentos de Mocambique, as well to run a very small number of public buses (some reports estimate as little as 20 buses). This project has created around 700 jobs. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>--</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2008</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/sasol'>Sasol</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/south-africa'><small>South Africa</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Ministry of Natural Resources, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Empresa Nacional de Hidrocarbonetos</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/united-nations-framework-convention-on-climate-change'>United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change/CDM <small>(UNFCC)</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Justica Ambiental, Earthlife Africa Thinktanks: Iniciativa de Transparencia na Industria Extractiva, Centro de Integridade Publica, Instituto de Estudios Economicos e Sociais</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>UNKNOWN</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>International ejos<br /> Local ejos</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Global warming</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Unknown</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Application of existing regulations<br /> the CDM was rejected</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The start of the conflict relates to the date when the company applied for a CDM. The 'success' is based on the successful contestation by Earthlife Africa of the CDM. However, the project itself continues and SASOL is expanding its reach in Mozambique. In 2010 the Mozambican government granted SASOL and the Empresa Nacional de Hidrocarbonetos a concession for oil exploration in Inhambane. They will have 8 years to explore an area aprox 8370km. In the event that they find oil, they will have a 30-year consession which will be split 90-10. The area is, adjacent to Pande and Temane.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://cdmscannotdeliver.wordpress.com/chapters/chapter-6-mozambique/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> The Natural gas project<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.cmh.co.mz/eng/Pande-and-Temane-Natural-Gas/The-Natural-Gas-Project" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Ruth Castel-Branco</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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