Pazardzhik Landfill Site, Bulgaria


A regional landfill near Aleko Konstantinovo, Pazardzhik is planned. Initially 22 sites were examined, many of which would have been more suitable than the Aleko Konstantinovo site (ranked 19th). The site is located in a seismic zone with underground karst formations. Karst is highly porous and is likely to leak in the case of a seismic event, leading to a serious environmental disaster of regional scale. The major threat is contamination of groundwater. There are additional health and social costs, as local farmers use groundwater for irrigation.

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Basic Data
NamePazardzhik Landfill Site, Bulgaria
SiteAleko Konstantinovo
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Specific CommoditiesDomestic municipal waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsFirst cell of a regional landfill with capacity for holding 820 000 m3 of mixed municipal solid waste, taking up 5.8 ha of land. Leachate and landfill gas collection systems included. EU-compliant landfill. Additional facilities: mechanical separation of mixed waste, composting site, recycling of construction and demolition waste, civic amenity site for bulky, hazardous, construction and demolition, recyclable and green waste.
Project Area (in hectares)34.9
Level of Investment (in USD)24600000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population270000
Start Date2009
Relevant government actorsPolitical Party Zelenite , Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Pazardzhik , Ministry of Environment and Water , Managing Authority of Operational Programme Environment
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersPolitical Party Zelenite (the Greens)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingLocal government/political parties
Political Party Zelenite (the Greens)
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Development of AlternativesThe EIA on the site near Aleko Konstantinovo did not include a three-dimensional mathematical model of the underground area, therefore the assessment is incomplete. Meanwhile, an alternative site had been mentioned in the project proposal to the Operational Programme Environment (as required by the EC). It is located near Belovo and is slightly smaller, but in contrast, is more suitable for a landfill, according to the Greens. In this situation, the Greens insisted on forming a working group for public debate on which to be discussed an exchange between the two sites. But time to submit a new proposal to the OPE was expiring; PP the Greens declared their new position; a facility with European quality is better than an ever-burning landfill, which in any event is more dangerous for local residents.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The project is going ahead, despite the risks and the concerns of local Greens. Nevertheless, they agreed to compromise their position because of the prospect of continued operation of the existing non-compliant dumpsites.
Sources and Materials

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Meta Information
ContributorKostadin Deyanov
Last update14/03/2017