Pazardzhik Landfill Site, Bulgaria

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">A regional landfill near Aleko Konstantinovo, Pazardzhik is planned. Initially 22 sites were examined, many of which would have been more suitable than the Aleko Konstantinovo site (ranked 19th). The site is located in a seismic zone with underground karst formations. Karst is highly porous and is likely to leak in the case of a seismic event, leading to a serious environmental disaster of regional scale. The major threat is contamination of groundwater. There are additional health and social costs, as local farmers use groundwater for irrigation. The local Greens political party initially opposed the project, demanding that another site be chosen, for which the EIA conclusions were more positive. Finally, the Aleko Konstantinovo site was selected due to resistance of local residents and authorities from all other potential sites. The new landfill will be located close to the existing dumpsite which is one of many in Bulgaria that do not meet EU standards, and are notorious for frequent self-ignition, scavenging and spreading waste. In April 2012 the project was approved by the responsible regional authority. The Greens agreed not to appeal the decision, but warned that they will monitor carefully implementation and exploitation of the new landfill. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Pazardzhik Landfill Site, Bulgaria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/bulgaria">Bulgaria</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Pazardzhik</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Aleko Konstantinovo</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Waste Management</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/domestic-municipal-waste'>Domestic municipal waste</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">First cell of a regional landfill with capacity for holding 820 000 m3 of mixed municipal solid waste, taking up 5.8 ha of land. Leachate and landfill gas collection systems included. EU-compliant landfill. Additional facilities: mechanical separation of mixed waste, composting site, recycling of construction and demolition waste, civic amenity site for bulky, hazardous, construction and demolition, recyclable and green waste. </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>34.9</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>24600000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>270000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2009</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Political Party Zelenite , Regional Inspectorate of Environment and Water - Pazardzhik , Ministry of Environment and Water , Managing Authority of Operational Programme Environment</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Political Party Zelenite (the Greens)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LOW (some local organising)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Political Party Zelenite (the Greens)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>The EIA on the site near Aleko Konstantinovo did not include a three-dimensional mathematical model of the underground area, therefore the assessment is incomplete. Meanwhile, an alternative site had been mentioned in the project proposal to the Operational Programme Environment (as required by the EC). It is located near Belovo and is slightly smaller, but in contrast, is more suitable for a landfill, according to the Greens. In this situation, the Greens insisted on forming a working group for public debate on which to be discussed an exchange between the two sites. But time to submit a new proposal to the OPE was expiring; PP the Greens declared their new position; a facility with European quality is better than an ever-burning landfill, which in any event is more dangerous for local residents.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The project is going ahead, despite the risks and the concerns of local Greens. Nevertheless, they agreed to compromise their position because of the prospect of continued operation of the existing non-compliant dumpsites.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> News In Bulgarian:<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Kostadin Deyanov</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>14/03/2017</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>