Permanent repository for LILW Nuclear Waste, Slovenia

Nuclear waste from Krsko nuclear power plant has it hard to find a storage location; state agency still struggles to get all permits and get people's consensus

Slovenia has a nuclear power plant, that is the reason why it also needs to find a permament solution for the LILW repository. Problems are emerging in finding a suitable location, since no one wants it near their home. Therefore state agency for nuclear waste established a procedure which involved the public in order to come up with a solutions. A decree confirming the intended location for the low-and intermediate-level radioactive waste (LILW) repository was passed by the government of the Republic of Slovenia on 30 December 2009 and entered into force on 15 January 2010. The site, named Vrbina, is situated in the municipality of Krško, in the vicinity of the Slovenia’s only NPP. The state agency came up with a solution, but they got in in a non-transparent way, so most of the actors involved remain unsatisfied. It seems that even this decision for disposal site is not final. Increased financial incentives also contributed to the social acceptability of the repository. A new regulation, passed in October 2009, not only doubled the original compensation amount of 2,568 million EUR per year, but also expanded the area where the local communities are entitled to the compensation, which is allocated in accordance with special criteria. [1]
Basic Data
NamePermanent repository for LILW Nuclear Waste, Slovenia
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Nuclear
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Nuclear waste storage
Nuclear power plants
Specific CommoditiesIndustrial waste
Nuclear Waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsTwo silos will have the capacity to accept as much as 9.400 m3 of low- and intermediate-level radioactive waste, which comprises half of the radioactive waste generated by the nuclear power plant in Krško during its operation and decommissioning. The site will also be used for storage of all the institutional waste generated in Slovenia. In the event of an expansion of Slovenia’s nuclear programme or an agreement between Slovenia and Croatia (who jointly own a 50% share in the Krško NPP) about disposing of the total amount of the waste, the capacity of the site can be increased. [1]
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date2002
Company Names or State EnterprisesNuklearna elektrarna Krsko d.o.o. from Slovenia
Relevant government actorsARAO: state agency for nuclear waste
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFOCUS
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingNeighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Occupational disease and accidents
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Institutional changes
Strengthening of participation
Under negotiation
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The site for permanent repositoy of LILW was chosen in a non-transparent way and with excluding the invited public, which was active in the main process of searching for a suitable place for the repository. That is why they feel cheated.
Sources and Materials

A New approach to LILW site selection
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Dnevnik - Po francoskem opozorilu gradnja odlagališča radioaktivnih odpadkov na čakanju
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[1] European Nuclear Society
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Other Documents

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Meta Information
ContributorTomislav Tkalec
Last update11/04/2016