Petaquilla, Panama

Description

PETAQUILLA MINERALS LTD, existen dos minas, una de oro (Morejon) y un prioyecto de mina de cobre (Donoso). Petaquilla tienen base en Vancouver, Canada, desarrolla los proyectos de oro de Morejon (Petaquilla Gold, S.A.) ademas del Proyecto de cobre de Petaquilla (Petaquilla Copper Ltd) ubicados en la provincia de Colon. Justo en la selva del cerro Petaquilla, la compañia pretende abrir una de las mayores minas de cobre del mundo a cielo abierto, en el limite entre Colon y Coclé. La empresa realiza una tala de aproximadamente dos hectareas de bosque en el distrito de Donoso, en la provincia de Colon, situacion que llama la atencion de residentes y autoridades del area.

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Basic Data
NamePetaquilla, Panama
CountryPanama
ProvinceColon
SiteMorejon
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral processing
Water access rights and entitlements
Tailings from mines
Specific CommoditiesCopper
Silver
Gold
Gold
Project Details and Actors
Project Detailsconcesion otorga derechos mineros sobre todos los minerales (metalicos o no metalicos) asi como para producir y comercializar energia electrica.

el contrato permite facilidades para la construccion de carreteras, puertos, hidroelectricas, etc, aun fuera del territorio de la concesion.

mina de oro morejon: mina a cielo abierto empez produccin 2009 alcanz nivel produccin comercial 2010 reservas probadas 747.229 onzas de oro reservas totales mina de cobre donoso: vida til 30 aos 250.000 toneladas de cobre anuales, facturara cerca de $2.000 millones al ao, al entrar en operacin en el 2016.

Project Area (in hectares)13600
Level of Investment (in USD)6000000000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population24 comunidades campesinas
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesIberian Resources Corp from Canada
Petaquilla Minerals Ltd from Panama
Inmet Mining Corporation from Canada
Minera Panama SA from Panama
Korea Panama Mining (KPM)
Teck Resources Limited from Canada
Relevant government actorsGobierno Nacional de Panama, Defensoria del Pueblo, Autoridad Nacional del Ambiente
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersComite Pro-cierre Petaquilla, Colectivo Panama Profundo, Etnia Rey Quibian, Radio Temblor
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.El proyecto se encuentra en plena operacion aun cuando las concesiones mineras se localizan en territorios indigenas que se oponen a las mismas, a tanto la de oro (Morejon) ya existente, como a la de cobre (Donoso) por iniciarse en 2016
Sources and Materials
References

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL
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Links

ÑOS-EN-LA-MINA-DE-PETAQUILLA-DONOSO/td-p/296043274#axzz1xDhIPHiR
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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chávez
Last update08/04/2014
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