Petrochemical Complex in Itaborai, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Description

The project of the Petrochemical Complex of Rio de Janeiro State (Comperj) is considered to be one of the greatest single investments of Petrobras, a Brazilian state company, and marks the return of the company to the petrochemical sector. It is inserted in the Plano de Aceleracao do Crescimento (PAC) of the Federal Government. Petrobras promises to generate an annual turnover of around $2 billion with the export of high value-added products, in addition to the generation of 200 thousand direct and indirect jobs during construction and 50 thousand jobs in the operation phase.

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Basic Data
NamePetrochemical Complex in Itaborai, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceRio de Janeiro
SiteItaborai, Sao Goncalo, Mage, Marica e Rio de Janeiro
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Transport infrastructure networks (roads, railways, hydroways, canals and pipelines)
Oil and gas refining
Chemical industries
Specific CommoditiesPlastics And Other Petrochemical Products
Crude oil
Chemical products
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe complex will process 150 million barrels of heavy oil per year.

The complex will produce 1.3 million tons of ethylene, 900 thousand tons of propylene, 700 thousand tons of paraxylene and 360 thousand tons of benzene and other oil derivatives as diesel, naphtha and mostly coke.

Project Area (in hectares)4500
Level of Investment (in USD)21000000000
Type of PopulationUrban
Start Date2008
Company Names or State Enterprises Petróleo Brasileiro S.A (PETROBRAS) from Brazil
Companhia Estadual de Aguas e Esgotos (CEDAE) from Brazil
Relevant government actorsThe State Government of Rio de Janeiro, Instituto Estadual do Ambiental ヨ INEA, Instituto Brasileiro de Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais Renovaveis - IBAMA, Instituto Chico Mendes de Biodiversidade - ICMBio, Tribunal de Contas da Unio - TCU, Assembleia Legislativa do Rio de Janeiro - ALERJ, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro - UFRJ, Forum Permanente para o Desenvolvimento da Area de Influencia do COMPERJ - Forum Comperj, Consrcio Intermunicipal de Desenvolvimento da Regio Leste Fluminense - CONLESTE, Conselho Municipal de Desenvolvimento da Cidade de Duque de Caxias - CONCIDADE
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersConselho Comunitrio do Comperj, Movimento Pr-Restinga, Movimento Velejar, Luta por Maric, Grupo Ecoando, Sindicato dos Petroleiros do Estado do Rio de Janeiro - Sindipetro RJ, Associao de Pescadores do Porto Velho - AMPOVEP, Colnia de Pescadores da Comunidade de Zacarias, APALMA, Central nica dos Trabalhadores [CUT], Sindicato dos Trabalhadores da Construo, Montagem, Manuteno e Mobilirio de So Gonalo, Itabora e Regio [SINTCOM], Associacao Homens e Mulheres do Mar da Baia de Guanabara [AHOMAR], Associacao Nacional dos Servidores do IBAMA [ASISBAMA]
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Industrial workers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Strikes
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Deaths
Potential: Accidents, Malnutrition, Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Migration/displacement
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The project was licensed by the environmental agencies, it is being built and most of the measures to mitigate the social and environmental impacts have not been implemented.
Sources and Materials
References

CARVALHO, Ana Paula. Parecer sobre o estudo de impacto ambiental do emissario submarino e terrestre do COMPERJ. Blog Barlavento e Sotavento, 27 fev. 2012. Disponvel em: Acesso em: 10 set. 2012.
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FERREIRA, Maria Ins Paes et al. Desafios gesto ambiental para a rea de influncia do Complexo Petroqumico do Rio de Janeiro - COMPERJ, Itabora, RJ. In: ENCONTRO NACIONAL DE ENGENHARIA DE PRODUO, 27, 09 a 11 out., 2007, Foz do Iguau. Trabalhos. Foz do Iguau
[click to view]

HERRERA, Breno. Vetores de Desenvolvimento Industrial em reas Protegidas: A Relao do Mosaico Central Fluminense com o Complexo Petroqumico do Rio de Janeiro. In: SEMINRIO DE PESQUISA E INICIAO CIENTFICA DO INSTITUTO CHICO MENDES DE CONSERVAO DA BIODIVERSI
[click to view]

Disponvel em: Acesso em: 17 nov. 2009.
[click to view]

MENEZES, Luiz Guilherme A.B. A ecloso de tenses ambientais no estado do Rio de Janeiro: O exemplo da Agenda 21 Comperj no municpio de So Gonalo. Geografar, Curitiba, v. 4, n. 1, p. 16-33, jan/jun.2009. ISSN 1981-089X. Disponvel em: < >. Acesso em: 25 set
[click to view]

INSTITUTO ESTADUAL DO AMBIENTE. Ata da Audincia Pblica do empreendimento Complexo Petroqumico do Rio de Janeiro - COMPERJ. Itabora 03 de maro 2008.

MINISTRIO PBLICO FEDERAL. Autos do inqurito civil pblico n. 1.30.003.000055/2006-07 e Inicial de ao civil pblica com pedido de liminar. So Gonalo: MPF, 2008. 62 p.

Links

MPF realiza audincia para discutir impactos do Comperj. Jornal do Brasil, 03 ago. 2012.
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ALMEIDA, Henrique. Violaes em obras da Comperj e TKCSA so alvos de protesto de pescadores. Jornal do Brasil, 01 ago. 2012
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ASSOCIAO NACIONAL DOS SERVIDORES DO IBAMA. COMPERJ: A Morte da Pesca Artesanal na Baa de Guanabara. 03 jul. 2012
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AUDINCIA pblica discute impactos socioambientais do COMPERJ. Ministrio Pblico Federal, Procuradoria da Repblica do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Procuradoria Regional dos Direitos do Cidado, 09 ago. 2012
[click to view]

COELHO JUNIOR, Lauro e PORTO, Gisele. Ata de audincia pblica: COMPERJ: Debate sobre os seus impactos sociais e ambientais. Ministrio Pblico Federal, Procuradoria da Repblica do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Procuradoria Regional dos Direitos do Cidado, 06 ago
[click to view]

MANIFESTO de Repdio pelo Assassinato dos Pescadores da AHOMAR. Justia Global, 29 jun. 2012
[click to view]

ORDOEZ, Ramona, ROSA, Bruno, SUWWAN, Leila e NOGUEIRA, Danielle. Questionamento do TCU provoca paralisao nas obras do Comperj. O Globo, Rio de Janeiro, 23 jul. 2009
[click to view]

LIMA, Kelly e TERESA, Irani. TCU manda parar obras de complexo da Petrobrs. O Estado de So Paulo, So Paulo, 25 jul. 2009.

PETROBRS S.A. Comperj Complexo Petroqumico do Rio de Janeiro

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ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update08/04/2014
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