Pheapimex-Fuchan conflict, Cambodia

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">In 2000, Pheapimex attempted to start operations in an area of 6800 ha in Ansa Chambak. However, the inhabitants were successful in halting the conversion of their forest. Resistance involved road blockades, filing lawsuits and challenging the government. Between 2001 and 2004, Pheapimex carried out no further work on site and the threat of the eucalypt plantation appeared to have receded. In 2004, however, hundreds of workers and heavy equipment arrived in Ansa Chambak and proceeded to bulldoze the forest, establish a tree nursery, and extend a road network in the forest area. The people of Ansa Chambak attempted to stop the operations. Several hundred villagers demonstrated along highway 5. In order to prevent the bulldozers from entering the concession area, villagers decided to organize a watch of the machinery. Someone threw a grenade into a group of sleeping villagers, injuring eight of them. The government’s immediate response was to announce the temporary suspension of the company’s activities until the outstanding problems were solved. The next day, authorities organised a meeting and made several promises to local inhabitants. Most of the promises were not kept and the company, after a week of inactivity, resumed its operations. The day after the attack, local police, without producing any supporting evidence, accused the villagers of throwing the grenade at themselves.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Pheapimex-Fuchan conflict, Cambodia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/cambodia">Cambodia</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Pursat province</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Ansa Chambak</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp<br /> Land acquisition conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/eucalyptus'>Eucalyptus</a><br /><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>6800</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>several hundreds</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">End Date</td><td>2005</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/pheapimex-group'>Pheapimex Group</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/cambodia'><small>Cambodia</small></a><br /><a href='/company/pheapimex-fuchan'>Pheapimex-Fuchan</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/china'><small>China</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>support of local NGOs</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Local ejos</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Blockades<br /> Street protest/marches</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Project temporarily suspended<br /> - Project continued.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The project continued.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> World Rainforest Movement (WRM), 2005. The death of the forest: a report on Wuzhishan’s and Green Rich’s tree plantation activities in Cambodia. Montevideo: WRM.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://wrm.org.uy/wp-content/uploads/2013/03/The_death_of_the_Forest_-A_Report_on_Wuzhishans_and_Green_Richs_Plantation_activities_in_Cambodia-.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Cambodia's Curse: The Modern History of a Troubled Land, by Joel Brinkle<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Cambodia: Eucalyptus plantations and pulp production threaten forests and rivers<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://chrislang.org/2001/03/24/cambodia-eucalyptus-plantations-and-pulp-production-threaten-forests-and-rivers/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Timber Giant Plans Clearing for Plantation<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.cambodiadaily.com/archives/timber-giant-plans-clearing-for-plantation-43831/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Comments</td><td>The WRM reference contains the best material available. But data more recent than 2005 are needed!</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>J.-F. Gerber</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>20/06/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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