Pierina, Jangas, Perú

Description
Barrick Gold es la mayor productora de oro en el mundo. Tiene más de 27 minas operando en los cinco continentes. En el Perú es la segunda productora de oro, con el 21.8% de participación. Se constituyó en el país como Minera Barrick Misquichilca en enero de 1994, un año después de promulgada la Constitución fujimorista, e inició sus operaciones en 1998. Actualmente controla 145 192 ha y opera dos minas: Pierina en la Región Ancash y Lagunas Norte en la Región La Libertad. La mina Pierina está situada en la Cordillera en el departamento de Ancash, en el centro-norte de Perú, a unos 10 km al noroeste de la ciudad de Huaraz, a 4.100 m.s.n.m.
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Basic Data
NamePierina, Jangas, Perú
CountryPeru
ProvinceAncash
SiteHuaraz
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Mineral ore exploration
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesGold
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
Mina a cielo abierto Mueve 80.000 ton métricas de material por día 2011, produjo 152.000 oz de oro Reservas de mineral probadas y probables al 31 de diciembre de 2011 fue de 771 000 oz de oro.
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Project Area (in hectares)2500
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2002
Company Names or State EnterprisesBarrick Gold Corporation from Canada
Barrick Misquichilca from Peru
Relevant government actorsGobierno de la Región de Ancash
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersConfederación Nacional de Comunidades del Perú Afectadas por la Minería CONACAMI
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Industrial workers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Strikes
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Potential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Deaths
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.La mina está en operación con planes de expansión hasta 2013. Se instaló la mesa de diálogo para encontrar soluciones al conflicto que existe entre la población y la minera Pierina de la Barrick. Pero hubo más violencia policial y más muertos en septiembre 2012.
Sources and Materials
References

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de América Latina OCMAL

Barrick Gold Corporation

Agencia Intercultural de Noticias Indígenas de Bolivia AINI

Coordinadora Andina de Organizaciones Indígenas - CAOI

La Primera

SERVINDI

Links

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Media Links

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Créditos: RPP Nacional. Fernando Granda

Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chávez, JMA y Talia Waldron
Last update08/04/2014
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