PINDECO. Pineapple Development Corporation-Del Monte, Costa Rica

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Large scale pineapple production in Costa Rica began in the late eighties in the south of the country, in Buenos Aires de Puntarenas, carried out by the company Pindeco S.A., a subsidiary of Del Monte. This company started using technology to increase productivity, and developed a production system dependent on chemical inputs, which includes the use of herbicides, fungicides, insecticides and fertilizers, in order to induce flowering and regulate plant harvest. Industrial complexes are also installed for the collection and packaging of the product, which drastically changed the landscape. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The pineapple expansion without proper planning and without control by public institutions has generated many negative impacts, social environment on the health of people and human rights. For instance, population of Buenos Aires in 1978 was 23460 increased to 43526 in 2003, with out any kind of planinng. <br/><br/>After 30 years of presence PINDECO, the canton has a poverty rate of 40.4% (State of the Nation, 2005), ranks 74th of 81 in the index of social backwardness (Census, 2000), 77 the cantonal human poverty index (IPHC) and the human development index occupied position 74 in 2009 (UNDP, UCR 2011). PINDECO is the largest employer in the canton (SENDER, 2006).<br/><br/>In turn, the problem has been generated by neoliberal policies that have been checked to established small and medium agro-export model that favors non-traditional agricultural activities. <br/><br/>In Buenos Aires, the change in the landscape was more radical for population centers, because the lands acquired by transnational were located fragmented, near residential areas and with a peasant production more in agricultural activities.<br/><br/>As a result, it generates the abandonment of family farming. Against this context, there have been various social movements and Buenos Aires community is organized to expose the problems linked to pineapple monoculture, and human rights violations. They require the State to reverse the situation. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>PINDECO. Pineapple Development Corporation-Del Monte, Costa Rica</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/costa-rica">Costa Rica</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Puntarenas</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Buenos Aires</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)<br /> Agro-toxics<br /> Deforestation</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">PINDECO plays a significant role in the economy of the region and the country, at the time of the conflict controlling 50% of the entire Costa Rican pineapple production. Of the exports of 10 million boxes of pineapples a year, 40% go to Europe and 60% to the US (June 2000). The Buenos Aires plantation is an important part of the PINDECO operation in the country.</div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">For Costa Rica, pineapple production: 364200 tones (in 1995). <br/><br/>The rapid increase in pineapple cultivation in new areas in Costa Rica (2000, 12,500 ha, in 2007, 40,000 ha).<br/><br/>Pineapple exports in 2010 generated $ 673 million.<br/><br/>5000 direct jobs, 3000 indirect jobs (2011).<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>6700</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>47000000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>100000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>1990</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/pineapple-development-corporation'>Pineapple Development Corporation <small>(PINDECO)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/united-states-of-america'><small>United States of America </small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Forest Management Department, Ministery of Environment, Energy and Seas of Costa Rica., Ministry of Labour, Ministry of Health.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Struggle against Pindeco (FLP, Frente de Lucha por Pindeco)., EMAÚS forum., FRENASAPP, National Front Sectors Affected by Pineapple Production (Frente Nacional de Sectores Afectados por la Producción Piñera)., Environmental Association for the Humid Tropics., CEDARENA, Environmental and Natural Resources Center, Universidad de Costa Rica</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Propagation of the stable fly (Stomoxys calcitrans), it affects livestock.<br/><br/>Pineapple production pollutes the drinking water.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Respiratory diseases and pregnancy problems among workers</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>There are reprisals against workers who want to unionize.<br/><br/>Workers are fired within three months after recruitment, periods where no one can enjoy its guarantees.<br/><br/>Devaluation of land and homes neighboring pineapple plantations</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Diversify crop species, to reduce the vulnerability of plantations to pests and climatic changes or market changes.<br/><br/>discuss plans and policies in a coordinated and participatory among all actors involved (government, company, people, workers, ...).<br/><br/>PINDECO must be invest in the basins of the generation sources of water used for irrigation and ICAA to supply drinking water to a growing population, product of labor demand of the firm; should be part of environmental management and corporate social responsibility (CSR) .</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The government should work towards a genuine and integral respect to labour and environmental laws of the country and fight for the rights of the residents of the region. The social movements lead important actions in the field of complaints about occupational health issues, violate of farm worker rights and environmental impact on communities and natural resources.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Environmental Law,Nº 7554, november 13, 1995.<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> General Health Law, Nº7600 may 2, 1996.<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Water Law,Nº5516 may 2, 1974.<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Forestal Law,Nº 7575 february 5, 1996.<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Wildlife Conservation Law, Nº7317 october 21, 1992, reformed by Nº7788 april 30, 1998.<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> General Regulation on procedures for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Decree Nº 31849 may 24, 2004.<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Soil Conservation and Management law.<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> González, Guillermo Acuña. 2004. Diagnostico situación y condiciones de la agroindustria piñera en Costa Rica. s.l. : ASEPROLA, Asociación Servicios De Promocion Laboral.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Gabriela Cuadrado Quesada y Soledad Castro Vargas, (CEDARENA y FRENASAPP), 2009, Costa Rica: La expansión del monocultivo de piña en detrimento de los derechos humanos, Foodfirst Information and Action Network<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Bergen, Javiera Aravena. 2005. La expansión piñera en Costa Rica. La realidad de los perdedores de la agroindustria exportadora de la piña. s.l. : COECOCeiba-Amigos de la Tierra Costa Rica.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Revista mensual sobre la actualidad ambiental, Ambientico, 2006, Piña en Costa Rica: producción y ambiente<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Gabriel Quijandría, Javier Berrocal y Lawrence Pratt, 1997, La Industria de la Piña en Costa Rica. Análisis de Sostenibilidad<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Bonatti, J., C. Borge, B. Herrera, P. Paaby. 2005. Efectos ecológicos del cultivo de la piña en la cuenca media del Río General-Térraba de Costa Rica. Informe Técnico No. 4. Elaborado por SEDER para TNC. San José, Costa Rica.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Gonzalo Cortés Enríquez, 1994, Atlas agropecuario de Costa Rica<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Kioscos Ambientales. Universidad de Costa Rica<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Social Watch, El amargo sabor de la piña. 2012. Guacimo<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Nacion<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Nacion, Ananá Republic, El sector piñero y el Gobierno deben explicaciones a la sociedad costarricense<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Costa Rica: The Pineapple Development Corporation (PINDECO); the treatment of union activists and union attempts to organize a union by PINDECO and authorities in Buenos Aires province (1999 to 2002)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> CentralAmericaData<br />Planta para jugo de piña<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> La Nacion<br />La piña: cultivo importante para el país<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> El Financiero<br />Del Monte obtendrá más jugo de la piña<br />Planta estará en finca de Buenos Aires<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> BananaLink<br />Anneth Cubillio Anguro - Trabajadora piñera de Costa Rica, Pindeco (Del Monte)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> "Expansión piñera en Costa Rica: ¿hasta dónde hay campo?"<br /><br />Era Verde<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Neus Vinyet</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>03/05/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>