Plantar CDM tree plantation project, Brazil

Description

Plantar was founded in 1967 and produces eucalyptus to make charcoal to feed its own pig iron industry. Pig iron is a fundamental raw material for the automobile industry. The plantations are located in three municipalities (Curvelo, Felixlandia and Morada Nova de Minas), and occupy about 30 thousand hectares, but the company has probably more lands.

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Basic Data
NamePlantar CDM tree plantation project, Brazil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceMinas Gerais
SiteCurvelo
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Invasive species
REDD/CDM
Specific CommoditiesCarbon offsets
Eucalyptus
Charcoal
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe company has obtained extra finance selling carbon credits through the CDM for 11,000 hectares of eucalyptus plantations, approved in September 2010 by the Executive Board of the CDM. The carbon credits have been bought by investors in the Prototype Carbon Fund of the World Bank that supported initiatally the project, with participation of Rabobank International (Netherlands) and the Norwegian company Norsk Hydro and also the oil company Statoil.

Project Area (in hectares)about 30,000 ha
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesPlantar S/A from Brazil
International and Financial InstitutionsThe World Bank (WB) from United States of America
Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAlert against the Green Desert Network, WRM
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginLATENT (no visible resistance)
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Health ImpactsPotential: Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseProtest letters against the CDM project to the World Bank and to the executive board of the CDM, protest action in front of the World Bank in September 21st against the project.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.People who resist continue facing problems. The Carbon project of Plantar has been approved as CDM project by the Executive Board of the CDM in 2010. Plantar has built deep wells for those families without water, however continues planting eucalyptus in the same industrial plantation system.
Sources and Materials
References

Carrere, Ricardo (coord.), Certifying the uncertifiable: FSC certification of tree plantations in Thailand and Brazil, World Rainforst Movement, 2003,
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Links

(2003)
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Media Links

The carbon connection ()
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Meta Information
Contributorwinnie overbeek
Last update08/04/2014
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