Plomin Power Station Unit C, Croatia

National and international NGOs and local citizens said NO to construction of the new coal power plant Plomin C and demanded from the Croatian Government to invest in renewable energy sources instead.


Description

Plomin Power Station is located near town Plomin on Croatian peninsula Istria. The power station is owned and managed by the state company Hrvatska elektroprivreda d.d. (HEP d.d.). It is a coal fired power station consisted of two boiler units A (built in 1969) and B (built in 2000), with capacities of 120 MW and 210 MW, respectively.

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Basic Data
NamePlomin Power Station Unit C, Croatia
CountryCroatia
ProvinceIstria County
SitePlomin
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Thermal power plants
Specific CommoditiesElectricity
Coal
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsUnit C would have power of 500MW, lifetime of 25 years, and annual production of electrical energy 3.608 GWh.

The power plant would use imported coal from Colombia whose exploitation directly threatens survival of the local communities (FoE Colombia, 2016).
Level of Investment (in USD)800,000,000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date28/03/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesHrvatska elektroprivreda d.d. (HEP d.d.) from Croatia - The owner of the Plomin Power Station
Marubeni from Japan - Selected investor
Alstom from France - Selected investor
Relevant government actorsThe Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection of the Republic of Croatia; The Istria County
International and Financial InstitutionsCredit Agricole CIB from France
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNGO Zaustavimo Plomin C https://www.facebook.com/zaustavimoplominc/?fref=ts; Zelena Istra (Green Istria) http://www.zelena-istra.hr; Zelena Akcija (Green Action) http://zelena-akcija.hr/en; Greenpeace http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/; Heinrich Böll Stiftung http://www.boell.org; Friends of the Earth France https://www.foeeurope.org/france; Friends of the Earth Colombia http://www.foei.org/member-groups/latin-america-and-the-caribbean/colombia; Re:Common; Bankwatch http://bankwatch.org/; Citizens of Lebiština
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingInternational ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Referendum other local consultations
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Accidents
Potential: Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts, Deaths
OtherThe results of Greenpeace study on the health impacts of Plomin C suggest that its construction would cause 17 deaths, 2,671 asthma attacks and more than 36,000 cases of respiratory disease annually. In addition, during its expected lifespan of 40 years the coal power plant would be responsible for as many as 1,000 deaths.
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherAccording to the Greenpeace study, the total external cost from pollution would be 150 million USA per year.

A new economic analysis commissioned by Zelena akcija and carried out by the Society for Sustainable Development Design (DOOR) using European Commission methodology confirms that Plomin C is economically unfeasible.
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (failure for environmental justice)
Under negotiation
Moratoria
Withdrawal of company/investment
Project temporarily suspended
Development of AlternativesNGOs demand permanent moratorium on Plomin C. They consider this project unmoral, unjust and perpetuating Croatia’s energy dependence on external sources. In general, they are against the use of coal for power production and demanded from the government to create conditions for massive investment in energy efficiency and renewables, in particular solar energy. NGOs also demanded from government to listen to the democratic will of the citizens demonstrated in the referendum. They also asked for more transparency on the conditions negotiated between HEP and the investor, as well as in communicating further plans on Plomin C.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Currently, there is a temporary moratorium on the project issued by the new government. However, the government is still looking for the conditions to realize the project under the conditions acceptable by the European Commission. In the past, the Administrative Court in City of Rijeka refused to bring charges against the Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection for procedural omissions in EIA.
Sources and Materials
References

Greenpeace report on Plomin C
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THE PLOMIN C COAL PLANT: Analysis of compatibility with Crédit Agricole energy policies
[click to view]

Links

HEP selects Marubeni as Preferred Bidder for Plomin C coal-fired power plant
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Plomin C coal power plant BANCKTRACK
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Termoelektranu će graditi Marubeni: HEP za gradnju i upravljanje Plominom C odabrao Japance
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Struju iz Plomina C japanski Marubeni bi HEP-u prodavao po upola višoj cijeni od tržišne
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New Government, Fossil Solutions?
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TE Plomin C to cause as many as 680 premature deaths over 40 years
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Greenpeace ship in action against the thermpopower plant "Plomin C"
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Green Action firmly opposed to the coal power plant Plomin
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Croatian green groups mount legal challenge on "Plomin C" coal power plant
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Zelena akcija potencijalni ulagaci u Plomin c kaznjavani zbog korupcije
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Zeleni nastavljaju borbu protiv izgradnje Plomina c
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Various links on Plomin C, Novilist
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Plomin C nije dobio prolaz u Bruxellesu
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Expert analysis confirms Croatian Plomin C coal plant is economically unfeasible
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Građani traže kraj fosile ere – trajno odustanite od Plomina C i bušenja Jadrana!
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Most i HDZ se složili da Plomin C treba graditi
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Ministar poduzetništva Horvat: "Plomin C nam sigurno treba"
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RATKO BOŠKOVIĆ Gradnja TE Plomin-C na ugljen Labinštini je zapravo protuzakonito podmetnuta
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International action in Plomin: activists called on the Croatian Government to give up on coal import and the construction of “Plomin C
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Zelena akcija: Plomin C ekonomski je neisplativ projekt
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Niska cijena ugljena pogurat će Plomin C
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10 September 2015 - Crédit Agricole's answer to Amis de la Terre Plomin C
[click to view]

New Croatian government may scrap plans for Plomin-C power plant
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Croatia, Italy and Colombia linked by harm from coal industry
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http://zelena-akcija.hr/hr/programi/energetika_i_klimatske_promjene/moratorij_na_plomin_c_istinski_stav_ili_prva_obmana_nove_vlade
[click to view]

Europska komisija ne dopušta potpisivanje ugovora za Plomin C
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Uspjeh u kampanji protiv Plomina C - Crédit Agricole se povlači
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Zrak onečišćen oko Plomina i Koromačna
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Plomin C related articles
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Koruptivne aktivnosti izvođača radova Plomina C
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Informacija: Iz TE Plomin istekla nafta u more
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Informacija: Iz TE Plomin istekla nafta u more
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Koruptivne aktivnosti izvođača radova Plomina C
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Marubeni spreman za Plomin C
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Croatia's HEP, Japan's Marubeni talks on Plomin C project close to wrapup - report
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Građanima je dosta Plomina C – korumpirane tvrtke, skupa struja, štetan utjecaj na zdravlje...
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Otkupnu cijenu struje HEP taji od javnosti
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Volju građana Vlada ne smije ignorirati
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Međunarodnom akcijom aktivisti pozvali Vladu da odustane od uvoza ugljena i izgradnje Plomina C
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23% birača je dovoljno za formiranje Vlade RH, a 35% nije dovoljno da odluči o Plominu C?
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Nova tribina o „Plominu C“ – 29.03. svi na referendum!
[click to view]

Stručna analiza potvrdila: Čak i uz zanemarivanje utjecaja na zdravlje i okoliš, Plomin C je ekonomski neisplativ projekt!
[click to view]

Media Links

Greenpeace upozorava na štetnost Termoelektrane Plomin C
[click to view]

Plomin C: Prava cijena ugljena 4
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Plomin C: Prava cijena ugljena 3
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Video against Plomin C
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Tribina SKRIVENI TROŠKOVI TE PLOMIN C
[click to view]

STOP Plomin C
[click to view]

Other Documents

Greenpeace protest against Plomin C The banner reads: “64% of the citizens are against Plomin C”
[click to view]

Activistst of Green Action and Heinrich Böll Stiftung in protest against Plomin C The sign reads: “New government, fossil solutions?”
[click to view]

Protest in front of the Croatian government The activists have been demanding from the government to respect the results of a referendum in which 94% of the citizens were against Plomin C.
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com
Last update07/05/2016
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