The city of Valencia is located on an area of extraordinarily fertile land (named l’Horta de Valencia). Especially since 1960s, all types of urban development (houses, roads, industries, shopping centres, universities and museums) have taken place at the expense of l’Horta de Valencia.
La Punta is one of the Valencian districs, located to the South of the city. In the 1990s this was the largest Horta land still remaining near Valencia. This district was very peculiar; there were no shops, no streets, the old agricultural paths were still the main connections between the houses. It had 22 so-called barracas, the traditional Valencian agricultural houses, and it was an area abutting with the Albufera Natural Park. Most of the population in this district was over 60 years old, whose lives were intimately linked with small-scale agricultural activities.
In 1993, there was a new urbanistic Plan for the city of Valencia called ZAL (Zona de Alojamientos Logísticos), pushed by the Ministry of Obras Púbicas, the regional government, the Valencian Town Council and the Valencian Port. The plan changed the status of 75 hectares of Valencian fertile land from green belt to building land. The project also implied the destruction of 188 traditional agricultural houses and the eviction of more than 200 families.
From that moment and lasting for some years, the neighbours decided to organise themselves in groups struggling for the defense of lHorta. Many sectors of the Valencian society joined the struggle; from academics, to farmers, to students, to squatters. There was an active resistance to try to avoid the evictions while there were also massive demonstrations (more than 10,000 people), petitions, law suits against the urbanistic plan, etc.
In 2009 the Superior Court of Justice certified that the Plan was cancelled because it was illegal.
In 2013, the Highest Court of Justice ratified the previous sentence from the Superior Court of Justice in which the Plan was declared null.
However, the justice was too late in this case. 75 hectares of fertile land were destroyed, all the traditional farmhouses in the area were demolished and a hundred families were displaced. The port expansion never happened either.