Port expansion in La Punta, Valencia, Spain

Description

The city of Valencia is located on an area of extraordinarily fertile land (named l’Horta de Valencia). Especially since 1960s, all types of urban development (houses, roads, industries, shopping centres, universities and museums) have taken place at the expense of l’Horta de Valencia.

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Basic Data
NamePort expansion in La Punta, Valencia, Spain
CountrySpain
ProvinceValencia
SiteValencia
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Urban development conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Specific CommoditiesTransport Services, Logistical Services
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsZAL was a center for logistic development. The idea behing it was that all sorts of goods could be stored, transfomed or exchanged in that area. Warehouses could be built and all type of services related to assistance to transport could be offered (restaurants, hotels or recreation areas).

Project Area (in hectares)75
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population2000
Start Date1993
Relevant government actorsRegional government of Valencia , Valencian Town Council
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAssociació de Veïns La Unificadora de La Punta, Plataforma Salvem La Punta, Salvem l’Horta
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Local scientists/professionals
squatters university students
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil erosion
Potential: Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
OtherDepression
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseInstitutional changes
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Repression
- Popular Legislation Initiative
Development of AlternativesThere was no need of port expansion.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.More than 100 families were evicted and 75 hectares of lHorta were destroyed. In the end the expansion of the port did not happened and what used to be one of the most fertiles zones in Europe now is unused sterile land. In July 2013, the Highest Court of Justice ratified that the Urbanistic Plan which destroyed La Punta de Valencia was illegal and, therefore, null.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Pla especial dampliació del patrimoni públic de sòl per al desenvolupament de la zona dactivitats logístiques. Conselleria dObres públiques, urbanisme i transport. Febrer de 1998.

References

10 raons per salvar la pUnta:
[click to view]

Documentary about lhorta. A Tornallom:
[click to view]

VVAA (1999) Els valors de la Punta. 18 arguments en defensa de lHorta. València: Universitat de València.

Links

Per lhorta web:
[click to view]

Academic website with lots of information: a la punta.htm
[click to view]

Website un blog colectivo sobre los derechos humanos. La Punta: orgullo y vergüenza:
[click to view]

Newspaper article. El TSJ ratifica la nulidad del plan que destruyó la huerta de La Punta. El Pais:
[click to view]

Media Links

Photo-exhibition:
[click to view]

Video about the conflict:
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorAmaranta Herrero
Last update08/04/2014
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