Port expansion in La Punta, Valencia, Spain

Reaunado conflicto en La Punta, Valencia, tras el anuncio, por parte de la Administración (GV, Autoridad Portuariay Ayto de València) de que se ha iniciado, de nuevo, procedimiento para aprobar el Plan Especial para desarrollo de la ZAL


Description

La ciudad de Valencia se encuentra en una zona de tierras extraordinariamente fértiles (llamada l'Horta de Valencia). Especialmente desde la década de 1960, todos los tipos de desarrollo urbano (casas, carreteras, industrias, centros comerciales, universidades y museos) han tenido lugar a expensas de l'Horta de Valencia.

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Basic Data
NamePort expansion in La Punta, Valencia, Spain
CountrySpain
ProvinceValencia
SiteValencia
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Urban development conflicts
Ports and airport projects
Specific CommoditiesTransport Services, Logistical Services
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsZAL was a center for logistic development. The idea behing it was that all sorts of goods could be stored, transfomed or exchanged in that area. Warehouses could be built and all type of services related to assistance to transport could be offered (restaurants, hotels or recreation areas).
Project Area (in hectares)75
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population2,000
Start Date1993
Relevant government actorsRegional government of Valencia , Valencian Town Council
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAssociació de Veïns La Unificadora de La Punta, Plataforma Salvem La Punta, Salvem l’Horta

Plataforma horta és futur NO a la ZAL
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingInformal workers
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
squatters
university students
Forms of MobilizationArtistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)
Blockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil erosion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Potential: Soil contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
OtherDepression
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Institutional changes
Land demarcation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Repression
- Popular Legislation Initiative
Development of AlternativesThere was no need of port expansion.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.More than 100 families were evicted and 75 hectares of Horta were destroyed. In the end the expansion of the port did not happened and what used to be one of the most fertile zones in Europe now is unused sterile land. In July 2013, the Highest Court of Justice ratified that the Urbanistic Plan which destroyed La Punta de Valencia was illegal and, therefore, null.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Pla especial d´ampliació del patrimoni públic de sòl per al desenvolupament de la zona dactivitats logístiques. Conselleria dObres públiques, urbanisme i transport. Febrer de 1998.

References

VVAA (1999) Els valors de la Punta. 18 arguments en defensa de lHorta. València: Universitat de València.

Documentary about lhorta. A Tornallom:
[click to view]

Comissió de territori de Acció ecologista Agró: Exigim la restitució de l´horta de la Punta
[click to view]

10 raons per salvar la punta:
[click to view]

Links

Academic website with lots of information: a la punta.htm
[click to view]

Per l'Horta web:
[click to view]

Estado Español. Movimientos sociales mantienen el rechazo a la gran zona logística (ZAL) del Puerto de Valencia
[click to view]

Website un blog colectivo sobre los derechos humanos. La Punta: orgullo y vergüenza:
[click to view]

Newspaper article. El TSJ ratifica la nulidad del plan que destruyó la huerta de La Punta. El Pais:
[click to view]

40 organizaciones sociales rechazan el Plan Especial para la expansión del Puerto de Valencia
[click to view]

Catorce asociaciones exigen la retirada del Plan especial de la ZAL del Puerto de Valencia
[click to view]

La plataforma 'Horta és futur' presenta alegaciones al proyecto de la ZAL para «recuperarla para la ciudad»
[click to view]

Media Links

Video about the conflict:
[click to view]

Photo-exhibition:
[click to view]

Other Documents

Manifestación por l'Horta como zona productiva Source: https://www.20minutos.es/noticia/3147301/0/plataforma-horta-es-futur-presenta-alegaciones-al-proyecto-zal-para-recuperarla-para-ciudad/
[click to view]

Other CommentsEl conflicto se ha reanudado 2017/2018 tras el anuncio, por parte de la Administración, por tercera vez, de la reanudación del procedimiento para aprobar el Plan Especial para desarrollo de la ZAL (Zona de actividades Logísticas) del Puerto de Valencia.
Meta Information
ContributorAmaranta Herrero/ 2ªfase (2017/2018) Liduvina Calatayud_Mediacciona
Last update22/01/2018
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