Presa de El Zapotillo, Jalisco, Mexico


Description
Esta represa en los Altos de Jalisco inundaría el poblado de Temacapulin, con unos mil habitantes, una basílica el siglo XVIII, instalaciones de aguas termales. Temacapulín ha estado luchando durante 10 años contra este proyecto. La empresa constructora es la española FCC. La imposición de la presa El Zapotillo – impulsada por el Gobierno Federal, la Comisión Nacional del Agua (CONAGUA) y los gobiernos de los estados de Jalisco y Guanajuato – que se construye bajo la justificación de abastecer de agua potable a la ciudad de León en Guanajuato, a la Zona Metropolitana de Guadalajara y la región de los Altos en el estado de Jalisco, continua avanzando en 2014 y no se ha detenido pese a la Sentencia 93/2012 emitida por la Segunda Sala de la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación (SCJN), que obliga a las autoridades y a las constructoras a no rebasar la altura de la cortina más allá de 80 metros. Hay protestas de los pobladores afectados y de otros grupos de Guadalajara, incluios expertos universitarios. El caso ha alcanzado fama mundial. Keywords: water dam, water transfer
Basic Data
NamePresa de El Zapotillo, Jalisco, Mexico
CountryMexico
ProvinceJalisco
SiteTemacapulin / Cañadas de Obregon
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Interbasin water transfers/transboundary water conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Dams and water distribution conflicts
Land acquisition conflicts
Specific CommoditiesWater
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
Construction of a dam in Cañadas de Obregon for human supply mainly transferred to Leon (interbasin transfer) and Guadalajara cities. The project is promoted by the Comision Nacional del Agua (CONAGUA) and the Comision Estatal del Agua (CEA). The water would be transferred to Leon, Guanajuato and Guadalajara, Jalisco. The dam would create a reservoir that would flood Temacapulin, Acasico and Palmarejo).
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Project Area (in hectares)5000
Level of Investment (in USD)700,000,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population3000
Start Date2005
Company Names or State EnterprisesFomento de Construcciones y Contratas (FCC) from Spain
ABENGOA S.A. from Spain
HERMES
Relevant government actorsCONAGUA, CEA, SEMARNAT, Suprema Corte de Justicia Nacional, Gobierno del Estado de Jalisco, Gobierno del Estado de Gunajuato, Municipio de Cañadas de Obregon
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersMAPDER, Rios Vivos, Colectivo COA, IMDEC, TPP (Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
International ejos
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Religious groups
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Refusal of compensation
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems
Potential: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Specific impacts on women
OtherFlooding by dam
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Corruption
Court decision (undecided)
Migration/displacement
Under negotiation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Withdrawal of company/investment
Development of AlternativesTo stop the dam at a height of 60 m or even 80 m instead of 105 m.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.In 2014 it seems that despite the Supre Court decision, the am might be built to a height of 105 m.
Sources and Materials
Links

Pagina web de la resistencia a la presa de El Zapotillo
[click to view]

No a la Presa El Zapotillo, 2010, Repliega la Policía Estatal a los pobladores de Temacapulín en el predio Talicoyunque
[click to view]

Kaos en la Red, 2014, México: Comunidades de Jalisco en riesgo de desalojo forzoso por la presa El Zapotillo
[click to view]

La Jornada, 2014, Alcaldía en Jalisco pide a la SCJN verificar que presa El Zapotillo no rebase los 80 metros
[click to view]

Media Links

EJOLT documentary video with interviews in Temacapulin
[click to view]

Descripcion del conflicto en los primeros años
[click to view]

Fotografias: No a la Presa El Zapotillo
[click to view]

Other Documents

Entrada en la ciudad Source: http://mexico.cnn.com/nacional/2013/06/04/incierto-el-futuro-de-tres-pueblos-de-jalisco-por-construccion-de-presa
[click to view]

Sitio de construccion
[click to view]

Protestas en Temacapullin
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorHeliodoro Ochoa & JMA
Last update05/09/2017
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