Proposed Mega Dam on River Ewaso Ng’iro, Kenya

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">In early 2013, The National Water Conservation and Pipeline Corporation announced plans to construct a mega dam on Ewaso Ng’iro River in Isiolo County. The twin dams will be set up at Crocodile Jaws and Ngerendare and it’s principally meant to provide water to the proposed Isiolo resort city, to be set up at Kipsing Gap. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> Residents raised objections to the project stating that they had not being consulted for their opinion on the project; and the dam would affect the source of livelihood for communities living downstream who depend on river Ewaso Ng’iro for livestock farming. <br/><br/> Environmental Organizations such as AWF, Wetlands international as well as local CBOs have also raised their objections to the project, expressing fears that the impoundment of the river will negatively affect the flow of water downstream. This could put the wildlife residing in Samburu National Reserve, Shaba and numerous community conservancies in jeopardy and significantly affect income derived from tourism. The project also poses a threat of submerging 13,000 ha currently covered by five conservancies. <br/><br/> In August 2013 various organizations joined the Carmel caravan in which community members walked for more than 100km from Nyahururu and Merti to Archers post in protest to the Government’s plan to construct the mega dam on Ewaso Ng’iro River. They spent days walking in a campaign dubbed ‘Walk and Sing for Ewaso Ng’iro River’. <br/><br/> The project is scheduled for implementation early 2014, despite the objections raised. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Proposed Mega Dam on River Ewaso Ng’iro, Kenya</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/kenya">Kenya</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Isiolo County</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Isiolo</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Water Management</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Dams and water distribution conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/tourism-services'>Tourism services</a><br /><a href='/commodity/water'>Water</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">The National Water Conservation and Pipeline Corporation plans to construct a Ksh 10 Billion mega dam on Ewaso Ng’iro River in Isiolo County. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The twin dams will be set up at Crocodile Jaws and Ngerendare and it’s principally meant to provide water to the proposed Isiolo resort city, to be set up at Kipsing Gap. <br/><br/> The resort city is part of the Government’s Vision 2030 blueprint which aims to transform Kenya into a middle income country by 2030. Resort cities are flagship projects under the tourism sector. Currently the proposed Isiolo tourist resort city requires 41M cubic meters of water and the current supply isnt even enough for the airport alone. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>13,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>116,279,069 </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>4,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/national-water-conservation-and-pipeline-corporation'>National Water Conservation and Pipeline Corporation</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/kenya'><small>Kenya</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Ministry of Planning and Devolution; Water Resource Management Authority; Ministry of Environment Water and Natural Resources.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/wetlands-international'>Wetlands International <small>(WI)</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Nature Kenya; Laikipia WildLife Forum; Nature Conservation Kenya; Save the Elephants; Wetlands International; African Wildlife Forum; Red Cross Kenya; Waso Nyiro River Users Empowerment Platform (WRUEP).</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> International ejos<br /> Local ejos<br /> Pastoralists</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Street protest/marches<br /> 100km long caravan walk </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Loss of habitat for wildlife</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Negotiated alternative solution</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>The local community should be involved in decision making, since their source of livelihood is at stake.<br/><br/>A balanced and comprehensive assessment of all options should be conducted, giving social and environmental aspects the same significance as technical, economic and financial factors.<br/><br/>Affected communities should be able to negotiate mutually agreed and legally enforceable agreements to ensure the implementation of mitigation, resettlement and development entitlements.<br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Despite the fact that the local communities and local ejos have raised objections to the project; plans by the government to implement the project are still ongoing without taking into consideration the emerging concerns.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Environmental Management and Coordination Act; Water Act; Wildlife Act; Constitution of Kenya 2010. <br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Save the Elephants<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.savetheelephants.org/interns-blogs-reader/items/crocodile-jaw-dam-a-storm-over-ewaso.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Laikipia<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.laikipia.org/77-home-page/245-proposed-mega-dam" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Standard<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.standardmedia.co.ke/?articleID=2000088699&story_title=sh10-billion-dam-causes-uproar-from-residents" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Standard<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://pinisiolo.wordpress.com/2013/08/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Serah Munguti</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>24/06/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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