Proposed Mega Dam on River Ewaso Ng’iro, Kenya

In early 2013, The National Water Conservation and Pipeline Corporation announced plans to construct a mega dam on Ewaso Ng’iro River in Isiolo County. The twin dams will be set up at Crocodile Jaws and Ngerendare and it’s principally meant to provide water to the proposed Isiolo resort city, to be set up at Kipsing Gap.
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Basic Data
NameProposed Mega Dam on River Ewaso Ng’iro, Kenya
ProvinceIsiolo County
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesTourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
The National Water Conservation and Pipeline Corporation plans to construct a Ksh 10 Billion mega dam on Ewaso Ng’iro River in Isiolo County.
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Project Area (in hectares)13,000
Level of Investment (in USD)116,279,069
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population4,000,000
Company Names or State EnterprisesNational Water Conservation and Pipeline Corporation from Kenya
Relevant government actorsMinistry of Planning and Devolution; Water Resource Management Authority; Ministry of Environment Water and Natural Resources.
International and Financial InstitutionsWetlands International (WI)
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNature Kenya; Laikipia WildLife Forum; Nature Conservation Kenya; Save the Elephants; Wetlands International; African Wildlife Forum; Red Cross Kenya; Waso Nyiro River Users Empowerment Platform (WRUEP).
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
International ejos
Local ejos
Forms of MobilizationInvolvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
100km long caravan walk
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
OtherLoss of habitat for wildlife
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseNegotiated alternative solution
Development of AlternativesThe local community should be involved in decision making, since their source of livelihood is at stake.

A balanced and comprehensive assessment of all options should be conducted, giving social and environmental aspects the same significance as technical, economic and financial factors.

Affected communities should be able to negotiate mutually agreed and legally enforceable agreements to ensure the implementation of mitigation, resettlement and development entitlements.

Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Despite the fact that the local communities and local ejos have raised objections to the project; plans by the government to implement the project are still ongoing without taking into consideration the emerging concerns.
Sources and Materials

Environmental Management and Coordination Act; Water Act; Wildlife Act; Constitution of Kenya 2010.


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Meta Information
ContributorSerah Munguti
Last update24/06/2014