Zurawlow shalegas field and Chevron withdrawal, Poland

On 3 June 2013 a small village in Poland began an occupation of a field for around 400 days, to avoid that Chevron fenced the area to fracking. The villagers won this fight and Chevron withdrew


Description

Chevron opened several exploratory wells in Poland, Romania, signing accords with Ucraina and Lituania as well.  [2]  The company on 30 January 2015, announced it was abandoning exploratory project of shale gas in Poland, because its earnings for the fourth quarter of 2014 fell nearly 30 percent compared with a year earlier, to $3.5 billion. The company blamed lower oil prices for much of the damage.

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Basic Data
NameZurawlow shalegas field and Chevron withdrawal, Poland
CountryPoland
ProvinceDistrict of Gmina Grabowiec, within Zamość County, Lublin Voivodeship, in eastern Poland.
SiteZurawlow
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Shale gas fracking
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Natural Gas
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsIn 2011, the US energy information administration announced that there could be as much as 5.3 trillion cubic meters - or 300 years worth- of gas that could be fracked in the area around Zurawlow, although subsequent studies have shown that the reserves are much lower than that and could only last for 26-70 years.[7]

On March 2012, a study by the Polish Geological Institute, estimated that recoverable shale gas volumes under the Poland at between 346bn and 768bn cubic metres; the third biggest in Europe and enough to provide the country’s gas needs for between 35 and 65 years. [3] 
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date03/06/2013
End Date30/01/2015
Company Names or State EnterprisesChevron Corporation from United States of America
Relevant government actorsThe Minister of Environment of Poland; The Polish prime minister
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFarmer Protest: https://www.facebook.com/FarmersProtest/?fref=ts : [email protected];

Occupy Chevron (Poland): http://occupychevron.tumblr.com/ : [email protected];
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Villagers blockaded a proposed Chevron shale drilling site with tractors and agricultural machinery, for 400 days[4]. 
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Air pollution
Health ImpactsPotential: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Occupational disease and accidents
Other [7]Greens EFA
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCriminalization of activists
Court decision (undecided)
Project cancelled
Development of AlternativesIn the Occupy Chevron (Poland) web site [5], in the section “Postulaty”,  they assumed clearly:

1. Stoping activity of Chevron corporation and their subcontractors in the area of Grabowiec till legality of intentional actions will be confirmed. Its actions will lead to irreversible destruction of natural enviroment in the area, and eventual penalties will not remove the damage.

2. Taking into account opinion of local communities by the authorities and all entities leading the mining activity on our land - especially Chevron corporation.

3. Removing all accusations towards protesters and also stoping the process of intimidation the local authorities. Chevrons’ lawyers threats authorities and inhabitants of Zurawlow with penalties as a consequence of taking part in the protest. At the same time Chevron tries to agitate protestants with inhabitants of neighbouring villages by, for example, hiring them as bodyguards, who constantly film protestants. Is it how Chevron “supports local communities”, as stated on its website.

4.Making all Chevron’s actions transparent. We demand  access to all documents concerning actions conducted by Chevron that are having influence on natural enviroment in our area. Transparency is the basis of dialogue, necesarry to build “relationship with communities”.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The determination of the Zurawlow's farmers to expel the fracking Chevron activities, was so strong, occupying for many days fields and roads, that they made Chevron withdraw.
Sources and Materials
References

 [8]Lechkowalski.com, Drill Baby drill/La malédiction du gaz de schiste/ Gas-Fieber, Lech Kowalski (2013)
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Links

 Arthur Neslen, Polish shale industry collapsing as number of licenses nearly halves, The Guardian, October 9, 2015
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 [3]  Arthur Neslen, Poland's shale gas revolution evaporates in face of environmental protests, The Guardian, January 12, 2015
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Anca Dumitrescu, Chevron renunţă la explorarea zăcămintelor de gaze de şist din Polonia,Mediafax, February 1, 2015
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Cotidianul.ro, Marius Şuiu: De ce s-a retras Chevron din Polonia și România ,February 22, 2015
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Nofrackingvallespasiegos, Chevron abandona la aventura del Shale Gas en Polonia, Enero 31, 2015
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Economie.hotnews, Chevron renunta la explorarea zacamintelor de gaze de sist din Polonia, February 1, 2015
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 [1]  Stanley Reed, Chevron to Abandon Shale Natural Gas Venture in Poland, New York Times, January 30, 2015
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 [2]Rinnovabili.it, Chevron lascia la Polonia: il fracking costa troppo, February 6, 2015
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[7]Raluca Besliu,Polish village of Zurawlow is model in anti-fracking fight, Cafebabel, August 20, 2013
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Media Links

AntyŁupek, Protest mieszkańców Żurawlowa i okolicznych miejscowości przeciwko firmie Chevron, która ma zamiar wykonać odwiert a następnie wydobywać gaz łupkowy metodą szczelinowania hydraulicznego niespełna 300m od najbliższych budynków mieszkalnych, Mar 9, 2014
[click to view]

 [5] Occupy Chevron (Poland)
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Quynhanh Do, Oil Prices’ ‘Spectrum of Pain’, As the price of crude oil fluctuates, why some countries are faring much better than others, The New York Times, January 27, 2015, Photo by Carlos Garcia Rawlins/Reuters, in  [1] Stanley Reed, Chevron to Abandon Shale Natural Gas Venture in Poland, New York Times, January 30, 2015

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/31/business/international/chevron-to-abandon-shale-venture-in-poland-a-setback-to-fracking-europe.html?partner=rss&emc=rss&_r=1
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Lech Kowalski, Vincent Brown and Christine O'Brien-Bucciero, 100 DAYS OF OCCUPY CHEVRON, September 10, 2013
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F ZURAWLOW, 2013
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Occupy Chevron, press related to Occupy Chevron in Poland, Curated by camera war
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 [6]Greens EFA, Zabronić hydroszczelinowanie i eksploatacji gazu łupkowego w Europie zanim będzie za późno!, in Occupy Chevron (Poland), September 3, 2012
[click to view]

Other Documents

Jarosław Badera and Paweł Kocoń, Moral panic related to mineral development projects – Examples from Poland, April 2, 2015
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Occupy chevron (Poland)http://occupychevron.tumblr.com/Photo
[click to view]

Anca Dumitrescu, Chevron renunţă la explorarea zăcămintelor de gaze de şist din Polonia,Mediafax, February 1, 2015 Chevron renunţă la explorarea zăcămintelor de gaze de şist din Polonia (Imagine: Mediafax Foto/AFP)
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Cotidianul.ro, Marius Şuiu: De ce s-a retras Chevron din Polonia și România ,February 22, 2015 http://www.cotidianul.ro/marius-suiu-de-ce-s-a-retras-chevron-din-polonia-si-romania-257161/
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 [3]  Arthur Neslen, Poland's shale gas revolution evaporates in face of environmental protests, The Guardian, January 12, 2015 https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/jan/12/polands-shale-gas-revolution-evaporates-in-face-of-environmental-protests Barbara Siegienczuk, one of the leaders of the local anti-shale gas protest group Green Zurawlow, with her husband and co-activist, Andrzej Bak. Photograph: Stanislaw Wadas/Demotix
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 [3]  Arthur Neslen, Poland's shale gas revolution evaporates in face of environmental protests, The Guardian, January 12, 2015 https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/jan/12/polands-shale-gas-revolution-evaporates-in-face-of-environmental-protests A shale gas exploration drilling rig near Majdan Sopocki, south-east Poland, owned by state oil and gas company PGNiG. Photograph: Stanislaw Wadas/Demotix
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 [3]  Arthur Neslen, Poland's shale gas revolution evaporates in face of environmental protests, The Guardian, January 12, 2015 https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/jan/12/polands-shale-gas-revolution-evaporates-in-face-of-environmental-protests Zurawlow, in south-eastern Poland, where people successfully campaigned against drilling by Chevron. The protest banner reads: ‘Poland has gas, America has profits.’ Photograph: Stanislaw Wadas/Demo
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 [3]  Arthur Neslen, Poland's shale gas revolution evaporates in face of environmental protests, The Guardian, January 12, 2015 https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/jan/12/polands-shale-gas-revolution-evaporates-in-face-of-environmental-protests T-shirts and caps with anti-fracking messages at the headquarters of the Zurawlow anti-fracking movement. Photograph: Stanislaw Wadas/Demotix
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 [3]  Arthur Neslen, Poland's shale gas revolution evaporates in face of environmental protests, The Guardian, January 12, 2015 https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/jan/12/polands-shale-gas-revolution-evaporates-in-face-of-environmental-protests A shale gas exploration drilling rig near Majdan Sopocki, owned by the Polish state-owned oil and gas company PGNiG. Photograph: Stanislaw Wadas/Demotix
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 [5]Occupy chevron ( Poland), http://occupychevron.tumblr.com/Photo
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 [5]Occupy Chevron ( Poland), http://occupychevron.tumblr.com/Photo
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 [7]Raluca Besliu, , Polish village of Zurawlow is model in anti-fracking fight, Cafebabel, August 20, 2013 http://www.cafebabel.co.uk/society/article/polish-village-of-zurawlow-is-model-in-anti-fracking-fight.html 'Occupy Chevron' gets support from residents of Polish city Lublin | courtesy of © occupychevronfr.tumblr.com
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ContributorMyriam Bartolucci, EJAtlas internship researcher, [email protected]
Last update06/07/2016
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