Oil palm is today the fastest growing monoculture in the tropics. Indonesia is the world's largest producer. The country has witnessed a massive conversion of customary (adat) land to oil palm (and fast-wood) plantations. Between 1967 and 2007, oil palm monocultures have increased about 50 times and the government is planning to expand the area under plantation. In the present case, a land dispute between local farmers and the oil palm plantation company erupted into a violent conflict. After several months of attempts to negotiate over land rights, hundreds of angry villagers went to the company’s base camp and told the staff to leave. They took away vehicles, heavy machinery and a generator before burning the base camp to the ground. A security police post was also burnt down. No one was killed, but six people were shot and injured (two seriously) and 49 were held in custody after security forces moved in. The villagers claim that the company has violated their land rights. The Government of South Aceh is seemingly moving to find a solution to the controversy. The government settled compensation to the farmers, which would also be given 1000 ha of land to make up for that taken from them by the company. In January 2014, a court case launched by Walhi was won. Walhi said that the groundbreaking verdict is the result of just one of several civil and criminal prosecutions underway against PT Kallista Alam and four other oil palm companies with concessions in the Tripa swamp forest, namely PT Surya Panen Subur II, PT Dua Perkasa Lestari, PT Gelora Sawita Makmur, and PT Cemerlang Abadi. "Each faces the possibility of serious financial consequences as a result of their illegal clearance, burning, and drainage of Tripa’s unique peat swamp ecosystem. Some of the company directors and members of senior management also risk prison terms in cases against them for their actions on the ground," said Walhi.