PT Pakerin land use conflict with Pangkala Bayat community, Indonesia

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">PT Pakerin received a concession license for timber plantation from the Minister of Forestry for an area of more than 43,000 hectares, and started the operation in 1992. After a fire in 1997, the plantation was abandoned. In July 2012, the 250 people from the community of Pangkala Bayat started to occupy, to effectively reclaim their land. They use the acacia trees of the plantation to build houses and start to grow crops. The area occupied is about 1,250 hectares. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>PT Pakerin land use conflict with Pangkala Bayat community, Indonesia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/indonesia">Indonesia</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>South-Sumatra</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Musi Banyu Asin Regency</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp<br /> Land acquisition conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/cellulose'>Cellulose</a><br /><a href='/commodity/timber'>Timber</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">PT Pakerin is one of the main paper producers in Indonesia, with own plantations and headquarters in Surabaya</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>43,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>:about 250 people involved in occupation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>1992</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/pt-pakerin'>PT Pakerin</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/indonesia'><small>Indonesia</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Minister of Forestry</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>CAPPA, Walhi South Sumatra, Dewan Petani Sumatera Selatan (South Sumatran Farmers Board)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Landless peasants</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Land occupation</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Fires, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Land demarcation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>People want to reclaim and recover the area, plant food and restablish their livelihoods.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>There are hundreds of land conflicts in Indonesia between, on the one hand, oil palm and pulp plantation companies, and on the other hand local communities. Although this is an occupation that started recently, people have been able to maintain the land now for 2 months, while a neigboring community (Simpang Bayat) has been already maintaining its land occupation against the same company for 2 years.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> World Rainforest Movement<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.wrm.org.uy/bulletin/182/Indonesia.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Winnie Overbeek</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>24/06/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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