Puerto Galera waste dump facility may relocate indigenous Iraya Mangyan families, Philippines

While tourists enjoy beautiful coastal town Puerto Galera, the local government lets indigenous people deal with their waste.


Description
Puerto Galera is a beautiful coastal town and a booming tourist spot for both Philippines and foreigners, but growing waste production is increasingly becoming a problem [1]. In order to handle the issue, the local government of Puerto Galera has planned the construction of a waste dump facility at Sitio Lapantay; a land spot located in a village where indigenous families of the Iraya Mangyan tribe have been living for over 40 years. While the municipality states that the land is owned by the local government, who bought it in 2008 from a private owner, the indigenous state that it is part of their ancestral lands, as recognized in the Indigenous People’s Rights Act (IPRA) of 1997 [2]. Nevertheless, a resolution was prepared by the local government, in collaboration with the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NICP), which endorsed the waste dump project and the families were asked to sign the resolution against their will [3].
See more...
Basic Data
NamePuerto Galera waste dump facility may relocate indigenous Iraya Mangyan families, Philippines
CountryPhilippines
ProvinceProvince of Oriental Mindoro
SiteSitio Lapantay, Barangay Villaflor, Puerto Galera Municipality
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Waste Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Tourism facilities (ski resorts, hotels, marinas)
Specific CommoditiesLand
Domestic municipal waste
Waste produced largely by closeby Tourism
Tourism services
Project Details and Actors
Project Details
The waste dump project was proposed by the municipal government, based on the Republic Act No. 9003, which entitles the local government to set up ecological solid waste management programs for local’s health and the environment [3]. The contract date for the proposed project is December 15, 2014 [1].
See more...
Project Area (in hectares)10.4
Level of Investment (in USD)1,470,000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population200-250 most directly affected
Start Date15/12/2014
Relevant government actorsLocal government of Puerto Galera

National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NICP)

Government of Philippines
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersIraya Mangyan tribe;

Puerto Galera Business and Tourism Enterprises Association Inc. (PGBTEA);
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Recreational users
Local scientists/professionals
Iraya Mangyan tribe
Forms of MobilizationBoycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Refusal of compensation
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Air pollution
Health ImpactsVisible: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Potential: Malnutrition, Other environmental related diseases, Other Health impacts
OtherExposure to potentially contaminated water bodies
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Application of existing regulations
Development of AlternativesThe affected people want to stop the project.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.It is too early to say.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

The Indigenous Peoples’ Rights Act of 1997 (IPRA)
[click to view]

REPUBLIC ACT 9003 January 26, 2001 - AN ACT PROVIDING FOR AN ECOLOGICAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PROGRAM, CREATING THE NECESSARY INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISMS AND INCENTIVES, DECLARING CERTAIN ACTS PROHIBITED AND PROVIDING PENALTIES, APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFORE, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
[click to view]

Links

[1] Dulangan.com (24/03/2015): "Oriental Mindoro netizens campaign to save waterfall ( updated March 24, 2015 )" (accessed 07/05/2015)
[click to view]

[2] The Manila Standard online (17/04/2015): "Iraya Mangyans: P66-million Galera dump will displace us" (accessed 07/05/2015)
[click to view]

[3] The Manila Standard online (23/04/2015): "Mayor to Mangyans: Leave land by 30th or be evicted" (accessed 07/05/2015)
[click to view]

[4] Petition on Change.org: "Do not evict the Iraya Mangyans in Puerto Galera" (accessed 07/05/2015)
[click to view]

[5] The Manila Standard online (01/05/2015): "Iraya Mangyans in Galera get reprieve from eviction" (accessed 07/05/2015)
[click to view]

Media Links

Video: Puerto Galera Lapantay and the Tamaraw Falls (Tagalog) - Alleged Land Grabbing of Mangyan Land, Destruction of Tamaraw Falls and Graft and Corruption
[click to view]

Part 2 of the video
[click to view]

Other Documents

proposed project Source: http://aldanmar.dulangan.com/oriental-mindoro-netizens-campaign-to-save-waterfall/
[click to view]

The Iraya Mangyan tribe Source: http://dulangan.com/iraya-mangyans-to-be-evicted-for-puerto-galera-municipal-waste-dump/
[click to view]

Tamaraw Falls Source: http://aldanmar.dulangan.com/oriental-mindoro-netizens-campaign-to-save-waterfall/
[click to view]

Foto from the peititon against the relocation Source: https://www.change.org/p/national-commission-on-indigenous-peoples-do-not-evict-the-iraya-mangyans-in-puerto-galera
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorA. Scheidel (ICTA-UAB) / arnim "dot" scheidel "at "gmail "dot"com
Last update05/06/2015
Comments