Purus REDD Project, Brazil

Purus REDD Project undermines the reproduction of traditional way of life and may cause displacements to urban areas. It has already commercialized its carbon offsetting credits, including to FIFA for the carbon neutralization of the 2014 World Cup


Description

Purus REDD Project has the objective to reduce the impacts from deforestation in an area of 34,702 acres in the municipality of Manoel Urbano – State of Acre, Brazil. The main argument for the establishment of a REDD project is that under Brazilian legislation the territory could legally undergo a wider extension of deforestation to give space for agriculture and livestock activities. The option to keep the forest up is thus compensated with the commercialization of carbon credits. But Purus Project also claims it will stop the ongoing deforestation of the land caused by smallholder residents who use the land for their small scale agroforest productions. Thus, the Project claims it will control the local traditional population to not increase the levels of deforestation and also to make them partners in reforestation processes. It claims it will do so by introducing social projects and activities, such as: capacitation of agricultural techniques, deforestation patrolling, house infrastructure renewals and the installation of photovoltaic plants for the community.

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Basic Data
NamePurus REDD Project, Brazil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceAcre
SiteManoel Urbano
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biodiversity conservation conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
REDD/CDM
Specific CommoditiesLand
Carbon offsets
Ecosystem Services
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe project started in 2011 with the design of a REDD scheme to be installed in the municipality of Manoel Urbano, 200 km a way from Rio Branco the capital of the State of Acre in Brazil. Responsible for the design and implementation of the project are the Brazilian company Moura & Rosa Empreendimentos Imobiliários in connection with the North American based CarbonCo LLC. and Freitas International Group. The main objective is to reduce the impacts from deforestation in the 34,702 acres under the projects management.The project has been verified by Verified Carbon Standard and by Climate, Community and Biodiversity Standard (CCBS). Project report says it will neutralize 1,701, 585 meter-tonnes of CO2 in the next 10 years. SO far, the project has already commercialized its carbon offsetting credits, including to FIFA (World Football Association) for the carbon neutralization of the 2014 Football World Cup. CarbonCo LLC has already two more REDD projects, like Purus, on the making in Acre: Projects Valparaíso and Russas.

The State of Acre has established in its development policies to promote “sustainability” and to be inserted in the vanguard of the “green economy movement”. As such, it has been promoted through the SISA Program (Acre´s System of Incentives for Ecosystem Services) the adoption of green economy policy instruments such as REDD. Purus REDD Project attempts to be part of the SISA Program and as such, it has been supported by State representatives to be implemented. In relation to the conflict with local populations, the State has, so far, claimed it is not its responsibility, that both parties should find an agreement. However, members from MP-Acre (Public Ministery of Acre, responsible for receiving claims from the population) have already been consulted and are aware of the ongoing tensions.
Project Area (in hectares)34,702
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date01/06/2011
Company Names or State EnterprisesMoura & Rosa Empreendimentos Imobiliários from Brazil - This company belongs to the claimed owners of the 34,502 acres that comprehend the land for Purus Project and are co-creators of the Project.
CarbonCO LLC from United States of America - Co-creators of the project
Freitas International Group from Brazil - The company secutritizes the carbon credits and attempts to commercialize them in the market.
Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) from United States of America - Certified Purus REDD Project
The Climate Community & Biodiversity Alliance (CCBA) from United States of America - Certified Purus REDD Project
Relevant government actorsGovernment of the State of Acre

Municipal Authority of Manoel Urbano

Instituto de Meio Ambiente do Acre - IMAC

IMC - Instituto de Mudanças Climáticas e Regulaçao dos Serviços Ambientais
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersConselho Indigenista Missionário - CIMI

http://www.cimi.org.br/

Movimento Mundial pelas Florestas

http://wrm.org.uy/pt/sobre-o-movimento-mundial-pelas-florestas-tropicais/

Plataforma Dhesca Brasil

http://www.plataformadh.org.br/

Centro de Memórias das Lutas e Movimentos Sociais da Amazônia
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationMedia based activism/alternative media
Referendum other local consultations
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsPotential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseApplication of existing regulations
Compensation
Negotiated alternative solution
Project cancelled
Criminalization of activists
Repression
Strengthening of participation
Land demarcation
Withdrawal of company/investment
Migration/displacement
Development of AlternativesContemplate local families (resident of the area for decades) with ownership documents of the land they live. This scenario changes the capacity of the REDD Project to advance and a future withdrawal of the companies involved could be possible.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Resistance of the community to accept the requirements proposed by Project Purus has brought the Project into a temporary halt. The unresolved situation with the community keeps it from being accepted into SISA (Acre´s System of Incentives for Environmental Services). Although, the companies involved in the Project keep marketing it and are searching ways to advance in their own forms.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Lei 6.969 - 1981: Regarding the acquisition by "Usucapião Especial" of rural land.
[click to view]

Lei 2.308 de 2010: establishes Acre´s System of Incentives for Ecosystem Services
[click to view]

Política Nacional de Direitos Humanos - established by Decreto 7.037/2009
[click to view]

Política Nacional de Desenvolvimento Sustentável dos Povos e Comunidades Tradicionais - created by Decreto 6.040 / 2007
[click to view]

References

Critical report on the "Green economy" of Acre
[click to view]

Study and report from the Centro de Memórias das Lutas e Movimentos Sociais da Amazônia
[click to view]

Report on environmental justice in Acre by Plataforma Dhesca (HUman Rights Plataform)
[click to view]

Links

News agency from the state of Acre article on lack of transparency from "the green economy agenda".
[click to view]

Conselho Indigenista Missionário
[click to view]

Article regarding carbon projects in Acre
[click to view]

Other Documents

Free transportation service of the Purus project Free transportation service of the Purus project as part of the corporate strategy to push forward the offsetting project.

Source: https://www.bptargetneutral.com/us/our-approach/case-studies/2014-fifa-world-cup-brazil-tm/
[click to view]

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ContributorF.
Last update18/04/2017
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