Quarry Nalježići, Montenegro

The Quarry Nalježići was reopened in 2013 despite the opposition by the local people due to the negative effect stone exploitation had on the environment and human health, as well as cultural and historical monuments in the area.


Description

The Quarry Nalježići is located on the south-western slopes of Lovćen, only 250-500 m from the village Nalježići and has been in operation for the last 40 years. It main activity was exploitation of technical – construction stone and sand production by rock crushing and it was managed by the Public Utility Company (PUC) Kotor. In December 2011, after two years of complaint by the people from Gornji Grabalj, the Environmental Protection Agency banned the work of the Quarry. The PUC Kotor initiated the process of regaining the concession to exploit the stone deposits. The citizens suggested relocation of the quarry to prevent negative impacts on environmental and health conditions in the current location (manly dust and noise) as well as on the nearby cultural - historical monuments and arable land (covered in dust in dry periods). Also, the citizens claim PUC Kotor uses meteorological parameters (such as level of precipitation) from the 1960s to 1990s, and does not take into account the changes in micro-climate that have occurred in the last 20 years. However, even though the banning decision includes an order for remediation of the site, such activities have never started, nor the damaged roads and bridges have been repaired. The local people believe that the re-engagement of PUC Kotor is unacceptable, while PUC Kotor claim the remediation is in progress and that this quarry is one of the best organized in Montenegro. On July 12 2013, The Environmental Protection Agency of Montenegro informed the public on the approval of the Environmental Impact Assessment for the Quarry to reopen. Nearby there are also two other quarries - “Rudine“ and “Rudine II“ whose environmental impact should not be separated from that of Quarry Nalježići. The Environmental movement Ozon appealed on this decision, while people from Gornji Grabalj filled a charge against the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism for adopting EIA despite of many complains. The quarry continues to operate.  

Basic Data
NameQuarry Nalježići, Montenegro
CountryMontenegro
SiteGornji Grbalj, Kotor
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Building materials extraction (quarries, sand, gravel)
Specific CommoditiesSand, gravel
Technical – construction stone
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsThe quarry is located at 270 mamsl, it is processing 231 m3 of stone /day (615 t), and has an average annual capacity of 138,000 t, and realized capacity of 77 t/h.
Project Area (in hectares)6.71
Level of Investment (in USD) 1,501,170 (annual income)
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population300-800
Start Date2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesPUC “Komunalno” Kotor from Montenegro - Owner of the quarry
Medix d.o.o Podgorica from Montenegro - Author of EIA
JU “Center for Ecotoxicological Research” d.o.o. (CETI) from Montenegro - Measurement of air pollution
Tujko d.o.o. from Montenegro - Owner of the Quarry Rudine
W&R Dinamic Company from Montenegro - Owner of the Quarry Rudine II
Relevant government actorsEnvironmental Protection Agency of Montenegro; Local Community Gornji Grbalj; Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Republic of Montenegro; Ministry for Spatial Planning and Environment of Republic of Montenegro; Environmental Protection Agency of Montenegro; Committee on Tourism, Agriculture and Environment of Republic of Montenegro
International and Financial InstitutionsEuropean Investment Bank (EIB)
Corporación financiera internacional,
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental movement “OZON”; NGO Green Home
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Objections to the EIA
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Air pollution
Potential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
OtherDust
Health ImpactsPotential: Other Health impacts, Other environmental related diseases
OtherRespiratory disease
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Violations of human rights, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Court decision (undecided)
Negotiated alternative solution
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Project temporarily suspended
Rehabilitation has been ordered but not yet carried out
Development of AlternativesThe local people asked for The Quarry Nalježići remediation and relocation far from the human settlements. The people claim that the quarry as it has been operating till now represents danger to the environment and human health, as well as cultural and historical monuments.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Neither remediation of the current quarry site nor the relocation to the new location has been done yet. The Quarry was reopened in 2013 after adoption of the new EIA by federal authorities.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Data ekološka saglasnost Javnok komunalnom preduzeću Kotor za kamenolom Nalježići
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Links

Stav Agencije za zaštitu životne sredine, vezano za zatvaranje kamenoloma „Nalježići“ u Kotoru
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OZON podnio žalbu na ekološku saglasnost za kamenolom Nalježići
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Saopštenje za javnost - kamenolom Nalježići
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Zabranjen rad kamenolomu u Nalježićima
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Kamenolom u Nalježićima uskoro nastavlja rad
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Kamenolom Nalježići na Upravnom sudu
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Data ekološka saglasnost Javnok komunalnom preduzeću Kotor za kamenolom Nalježići
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Kamenolom Nalježići na Upravnom sudu
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Media Links

Kamenolom Naljezivi 07.12.2013
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Kamenolom Naljezici JKP
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Kamenolom JKP Naljezici 07.12.2013
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Other Documents

Complaint againts The Quarry Nalježići NGO Ozon In its complaint to the Ministry of Sustainable Development and Tourism of Montenegro NGO Ozon criticised result of EIA on The Quarry Nalježići and demand its cancellation
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EIA of the Quarry Nalježići project EIA of the Quarry Nalježići project
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The Quarry Nalježići The site of the Quarry Nalježići
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Izvještaj sa javne rasprave o koncesionim aktima o mineralnim sirovinama Report from the public discussion of the mineral resources concessions
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Meta Information
ContributorJovanka Spiric, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com
Last update28/05/2016
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