Quevedo-Vinces multi-purpose project, Ecuador

Description

In 2004 the Ecuadorian state announced the national priority of the Multi-purpose Project Quevedo-Vinces commonly known as the Baba Project. The project, located in the basin of the Vinces River, includes the construction of the Baba dam (that will flood 1100 Hectares), a hydro-electric power station (42 Mw) and a canal (8Km) to divert water from the Baba River towards the existing Daule-Peripa reservoir to boost its power capacity. According to official data, the project has as its main objectives: the control of water flows in order to prevent periodic annual floods in the area; the generation of hydropower; and the increment of Daula-Peripa dams water volume to produce additional hydropower and to provide drinking and irrigation water to the downstream basin of Guayas River. This latter area is characterized by the predominance water intensive agro-export agriculture. Despite the fact that both the area and the numbers of the displaced have been significantly reduced, the project faces stiff opposition as many affected were already displaced by the Daule-Peripa project and were not adequately compensated.

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Basic Data
NameQuevedo-Vinces multi-purpose project, Ecuador
CountryEcuador
ProvinceLos Ros
SitePatricia del Pilar
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Water Management
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Dams and water distribution conflicts
Specific CommoditiesCarbon offsets
Water
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)3,550
Level of Investment (in USD)1st stage: With Odebrecht: 208 million US$ Secon
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population80,000 inhabitants
Start Date2002
Company Names or State EnterprisesIPAC S.A. from Ecuador
Odebrecht Energy Luxembourg (Odebrecht) from Brazil
Grupo Wong from Peru
Cartopapel from Ecuador
Papelera nacional de Ecuador from Ecuador
Nirsa from Ecuador
Consortium Hidroenergtico del Litoral (CHL) from Ecuador - Hidrolitoral E.P. public company with the Brazilian construction company OAS
Hidrolitoral from Ecuador
OAS S.A. from Brazil
Relevant government actorsFirst stage: Comision de Estudios para el Desarrollo de la Cuenca del Rio Guayas-CEDEGE , mayors of the province Los Rios, the prefecture of Los Rios, Consejo Nacional de Recursos Hdricos-CNRH , Environment Ministry, Energy and Mines Ministry, Constitutional Court, Ecuadorian government, the Ombudsman., Second stage: Ecuadorian government, Secretara Nacional del Agua-SENAGUA
International and Financial InstitutionsBanco Nacional de Desenvolvimento Econômico e Social (BNDES) from Brazil
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFIAN Ecuador, Asociacin Mundial Derecho Ambiental, Instituto de Derecho Ambiental de Mxico, Alianza Mundial de Derecho Ambiental (AIDA), ECOLEX, Earthjustice, Accin Ecolgica, CEDHU
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Potential: Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Militarization and increased police presence
Potential: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusUnder construction
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.As a response to the social pressure, the government made changes in the original design. Generally speaking these changes included a reduction of the drown area, the number of people to be resettled, and the loss of lands and affected public infrastructure. Currently the dam is almost finished.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Environmental Management Law

Law of Water Resources

References

Chum Kuffo, Alfredo y Germn Jcome. 2006. La lucha por el agua de las comunidades ribereas de la cuenca del ro Guayas. FIAN Informe R 2.

SASSO ROJAS, MARA JIMENA. 2008. Represas: disputas sobre el desarrollo y la sustentabilidad. El Proyecto Multipropsito Baba a la luz de la sociologa de la crtica. Tesis Magster. Programa de Estudios Socioambientales. FLACSO. Ecuador.

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Other CommentsHome countries of the companies: Ecuador and Brazil (this latter in the case of the construction company)
Meta Information
ContributorSara Latorre
Last update08/04/2014
Comments