Quifel’s Hoyo Hoyo agriculture project in Lioma, Zambezia Region, Mozambique

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">Quifel Natural Resources is part of Portugals Quifel Group, a holding company controlled by Portuguese aristocrat, businessman and amateur racing-car driver Miguel Maria de Sá Pais do Amaral, and is involved in multiple sectors, from insurance and real estate to agriculture and energy. Its' first agricultural endeavors were in Brazil, but increasing land prices there pushed the company's attention to Africa. The company acquired large land concessions in coastal East African countries for oilseeds, and West African countries for fruit and vegetables. Quifel currently holds vast tracts of land in Mozambique, Angola, and Sierra Leone. The company's concession in Mozambique is in Lioma, Zambezia Region for 10,000 ha (not the requested 30,000 ha). In two meetings with select citizens (both held on the same day) the company promised grand results of hundreds of jobs, a health clinic, schools, water, electricity, and other benefits if the community approved the project. The contract was provided on the same day as the community meetings, and some did sign; but those farming the lands did not. The project has since created a variety of problems. Quifel did not complete a demarcation within one year (as required), and has continued to ignore all officially mandated time table benchmarks. As of January 2013 the required boundary posts were still absent. Additionally, only 400 ha of the concession has yet been planted, and the company has stated it does not intend to utilize the remainder of their lands (for their own crops nor the out grower scheme promised). Yet of those 400 ha hurriedly plowed and seeded before inspection many were already planted by local farmers, and some just ready for harvest. The first planting definitively displaced at least 200 families. Finally, in July of 2012 a GPS survey was conducted on the 3500 ha to be used in the coming season, in which 836 farmers with 1945 ha were within the boundaries. The farmers were not to be moved until after the resettlement land was cleared, but it seemed unlikely the land would be ready for the December planting season. The health clinic, jobs, and other promises never materialized. According to an Oakland Institute report the project has already run into a serious conflict with local communities and it is often used as an example of conflicts between large corporations and local populations. After an assesemnt requested by the citizens of Lioma, the Gurue District Administrator has called for an 'urgent intervention' to stop additional breach of agreements by Quifel. <br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Quifel’s Hoyo Hoyo agriculture project in Lioma, Zambezia Region, Mozambique</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/mozambique">Mozambique</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Zambezia region</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Lioma and Ruace (Ruasse)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)<br /> Land acquisition conflicts</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br />Sunflower (Bio Fuel), Sesame<br /><a href='/commodity/soybeans'>Soybeans</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">The concession is for up to 10,000 ha, but only 400 are planted. The lease is for 50 years, renewable for another 50. In the first two years of an awarded concession’s contract considerable progress is to be made – but rushed plantings right before inspections is the only sign of land utilization. 244 farmers are displaced, and the project has the potential to affect up to 15000 people. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>10,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>17,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>244</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2009</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/quifel-group'>Quifel Group</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/portugal'><small>Portugal</small></a> - <small> Parent company</small><br /><a href='/company/quifel-natural-resources-sa'>Quifel Natural Resources S.A. <small>(QNR)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/portugal'><small>Portugal</small></a><br /><a href='/company/quifel-natural-resoruces-mozambique-lda'>Quifel Natural Resoruces Mozambique, Lda</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/portugal'><small>Portugal</small></a> - <small> owned by QNR</small><br /><a href='/company/hoyo-hoyo-agribusiness'>Hoyo Hoyo Agribusiness</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/portugal'><small>Portugal</small></a> - <small> Operated by QNR (Portugal)</small><br /><a href='/company/lioma-agricultura-e-projectos-de-gestao-lda'>Lioma Agricultura e Projectos de Gestao, Lda</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/mozambique'><small>Mozambique</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Minister of Agriculture, Gurue District Administrator</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Oakland Institute</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> International ejos<br /> Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of alternative proposals<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Food insecurity (crop damage)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Migration/displacement</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Gurue District Administrator: involvement of the Provincial Governor for immediate intervention to stop the breach of contract</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The project continues despite complaints on many levels.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/sites/oaklandinstitute.org/files/OI_country_report_mozambique_0.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Norfolk, Simon and Joseph Hanlon, 2012 'Confrontation between Peasant Producers and Investors in Northern Zambezia, Mozambique'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.landandpoverty.com/agenda/pdfs/paper/norfolk_hanlon_mozambique.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Oakland Institute, 2011, 'Understanding Land Investment Deals in Africa, Country Report: Mozambique'<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/presentation-made-pedro-marques-dos-santos-principal-quifel-natural-holdings-global-aginvesting" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> , 'Soya boom in Gúruè has produced few bigger farmers'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="farmlandgrab.org" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Investor Summary#EN.PDF<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.oaklandinstitute.org/sites/oaklandinstitute.org/files/Quifel" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> NPR, 'Mozambique Farmland is Prize in Land Grab Fever'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.npr.org/2012/06/14/155036821/mozambique-farmland-is-prize-in-land-grab-fever" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://farmlandgrab.org/21505" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Inter Press Service, 'Mozambican Farmers Fear Foreign Land Grabs'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.ipsnews.net/2013/02/mozambican-farmers-fear-foreign-land-grabs/?utm_source=dlvr.it&utm_medium=twitter" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Quifel Natual Resources, 'Why does a European Investor engages in Agricusiness in Sub Saharan Africa?'<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Quifel, 'Project Hoyo Hoyo'<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Comments</td><td>Quifel also owns LeYa, which owns the largest publishing firm in Mozambique: Texto Editores and Ndjira. This could impact the governments involvement (or lack of) in the case.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Aliza Tuttle</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>24/06/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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