Quillagua - Chuquicamata, Chile

Description

En los andes chilenos, a más de 4.000 m.s.n.m. se ubica Chuquimata, la mina de cobre más grande del mundo, opera desde 1910.

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Basic Data
NameQuillagua - Chuquicamata, Chile
CountryChile
ProvinceAntofagasta
SiteCalama
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Water access rights and entitlements
Tailings from mines
Specific CommoditiesWater
Copper
Molibdeno
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsMina a cielo abierto 5km largo por 3km ancho y 1km de profundidad.

443.381 ton. (2011) 6.500 empleos Chuquicamata subterránea (Proyecto): 1.700 millones ton cobre con ley de 0,7% 340.000 ton cobre fino/año 18.000 ton molibdeno/año inversión estimada US$ 3.828 millones término de proyecto 2019 4.837 empleos túnel principal 7,5 km
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date1997
Company Names or State EnterprisesCorporación Nacional del Cobre (CODELCO) from Chile
Relevant government actorsComisión Nacional del Medio Ambiente , actual Ministerio del Ambiente., Corporación Nacional Forestal - CONAF, Servicio Agrícola y Ganadero SAG
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersComunidad Aymara de Quillagua
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Industrial workers
Landless peasants
Pastoralists
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession
Potential: Militarization and increased police presence, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherAymara indigenous people in Atacama
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Migration/displacement
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.La población se ha visto en la necesidad de vender sus derechos de agua como alternativa económica, en lugar de que las autoridades tomen cartas en el asunto de la contaminacion del rio Loa, incluso con los informes de los estudios que demuestran el origen contaminante de las sustancias utilizadas en la industria minera.
Sources and Materials
References

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de América Latina OCMAL

Página Web Codelco

Nancy Yáñez Fuenzalida y Raúl Molina Otárola. 2008. La gran minería y los derechos indígenas en el norte de Chile. Santiago: LOM Ediciones.

El Nortero

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chávez, JMA y Talia Waldron
Last update08/04/2014
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