Quilombolas land demarcation, Dourados/MS, Brazil

Description

The quilombola community of Deziderio Felipe de Oliveira, Municipality of Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, faces the resistance of rural producers of soybeans and corn for the dermarcation of its territory. The 15 families occupy 41 hectares located in the remnants of the Cabeceira de Sao Domingos Farm and are fighting for recognition of 3,738 hectares of land belonging to descendants of Felipe Dezidério, many of who reside in peripheral neighborhoods of Dourados.

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Basic Data
NameQuilombolas land demarcation, Dourados/MS, Brazil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceMato Grosso do Sul
SiteDourados
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Deforestation
Plantation conflicts (incl. Pulp
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific CommoditiesCorn/Maize
Soybeans
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)3478
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date1935
Company Names or State EnterprisesSeveral farmers and rural producers
Relevant government actorsInstituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria - INCRA, Fundacao Cultural Palmares - FCP, Tribunal Regional Federal da 1ª Regiao - TRF1, Fundacao Nacional de Saude - FUNASA, Instituto Historico e Geografico de Mato Grosso do Sul - IHGMS, Ministerio Publico Federal - MPF
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersAssociacao dos Remanescentes de Quilombo Deziderio Felipe de Oliveira, Conselho Municipal de Defesa e Desenvolvimento dos Direitos dos Afro-brasileiros - COMAFRO, Forum Estadual da Comunidade Negra, Conselho Estadual dos Direitos do Negro - CEDINE
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingIndigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Quilombolas
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCourt decision (victory for environmental justice)
Court decision (failure for environmental justice)
Migration/displacement
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The quilombolas have until now to achieve demarcation of their territory.
Sources and Materials
References

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Quilombo Deziderio Felipe de Oliveira, em Dourados, enfrenta a resistencia de produtores rurais de soja e milho para obter a titulacao de seu territorio. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 24 abr
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Links

BRASIL. Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria. Tribunal rejeita exclusao de imoveis rurais de territorio quilombola em comunidade do Mato Grosso do Sul. 12 mar. 2012. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 17 abr. 2013.
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INCRA aprova criacao de quilombo na Picadinha. CEDEFES, 21 fev. 2011. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 17 abr. 2013.
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INCRA notifica proprietarios sobre areas quilombolas em Picadinha. Dourados Informa, 05 mar. 2010. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 17 abr. 2013.
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TITULACAO de terras quilombolas e tema de encontro. Capital News, 10 set. 2008. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 11 fev. 2009.
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update08/04/2014
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