Regional Landfill Lećevica, Croatia

The plan of building a regional waste management center in Lećevica received a strong critique by eco-organisation, experts, and local politicians, as well as it had to be adjusted to the EU waste regulations.


<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">The initiative for building regional landfill center for Split – Dalmatia County was launched in 2001. The center should be located on the 23 ha karst field near town Lećevica and should collect communal waste from in total 55 towns and municipalities in the county remaining after mechanical – biological treatment. The opening of new center would include closing down of numerous smaller municipal landfills. In 2009, the county authorities established the company Regionalni centar čistog okoliša d.o.o, which should be in charge of the landfill management. The financial for the center was provided from the Croatian Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency and by the European Union. In 2010 the European administration rejected the project's EIA and asked for its revision due to the identified problems in determination of the sanitation protecting zones and hydrological elements. The opponents of the center, including eco-organisation, experts, and local politicians, have been pointing out since the project was announced that the chosen location was not suitable for the regional landfill. They considered chosen location not suitable first because it was karst terrain rich in water springs and source of water for half a million of citizens, which could be polluted by the landfill. However, the county’s officials and the company management that have already invested important financial resources in issuing the landfill documentation (around 1 million USD according to local officials) considered the project delayed. Some government representatives, among them the Minister of Environment Protection, stressed that the county landfill would have to be built until 2018, a EU deadline for all urban areas in Croatia to establish system for waste management, otherwise the county would have to pay a huge fine. The delay in establishing the regional landfill caused problems in waste disposal on other local landfills across the county. Among others, the landfill Karepovac reached its capacity by beginning of 2014 as it was used for waste disposal from other municipalities. The local citizens of Karepovac required closing of the local landfill. This put an additional pressure on the county authorities to speed up construction of the regional landfill. The building of regional center has not yet begun, while the landfill management company has been regularly paying the salaries to its six employees as if it started operating normally. The work on the landfill Lećevica was planned to start in 2015. Due to necessary adjustments of the local landfill plan with the EU waste regulations, the Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection published the new project documents including “Study of environmental protection” and have invited broad public to participate in a process of "Evaluation of the need for environmental impact assessment” in March 2016. A tender for selection of an investor (to participate with 31,6% in the investment) is planned to be opened in summer 2016. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Regional Landfill Lećevica, Croatia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/croatia">Croatia</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Split-Dalmatia County </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Lećevica</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Waste Management</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/domestic-municipal-waste'>Domestic municipal waste</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"> 97,582m2 of the future landfill area is privately owned. The owners will be compensated with 15 USD per m2.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>23 </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>68,000,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>455,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2001</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/regionalni-centar-cistog-okolisa-doo'>Regionalni centar čistog okoliša d.o.o. <small>(RCCO)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/croatia'><small>Croatia</small></a> - <small>Management of the landfill </small><br /><a href='/company/hudec-plan-doo'>Hudec Plan d.o.o. </a> from <a href='/country-of-company/croatia'><small>Croatia</small></a> - <small>Author of the study of environmental protection</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>The Split-Dalmatia County; the Croatian Fund for Environmental Protection and Energy Efficiency; The Ministry of Environmental and Nature Protection of the Republic of Croatia</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/european-union'>European Union <small>(EU)</small></a> - <small>Investor (78,4% share)</small></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>RAST ZAGORE http://www.rast-zagore.org</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Local scientists/professionals<br /> Religious groups</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Artistic and creative actions (eg guerilla theatre, murals)<br /> Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)<br /> Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Objections to the EIA<br /> Street protest/marches</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Potential: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Compensation<br /> Application of existing regulations<br /> New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study<br /> Project temporarily suspended</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>The opponents demanded finding an alternative location to the landfill. They stressed their preferences to base the local development on tourism and production of organic food and aromatic plants.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The authorities do not consider finding other location, due to the previously invested funds and the EU deadlines for establishing of urban waste management systems across Croatia. In March 2016, the Ministry of Environment and Nature published the new project documents including “Study of environmental protection” and have invited broad public to participate in a process of "Evaluation of the need for environmental impact assessment”. The construction of the landfill Lećevica still didn't started, but it is almost certain that the center will be built by 2018, otherwise the country would have to pay a fine to the EU. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> STRATEGIJU GOSPODARENJA OTPADOM REPUBLIKE HRVATSKE<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/289920.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Study of environmental protection<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.mzoip.hr/doc/elaborat_zastite_okolisa_368.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Call for of evaluation of the need for environmental impact assessment<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.mzoip.hr/doc/04032016_-_informacija_o_zahtjevu_za_ocjenu_o_potrebi_procjene_utjecaja_zahvata_na_okolis_1.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Study Annexes<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.mzoip.hr/doc/prilozi_3.pdf" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Protivnicima otpada u Lećevici pomaže Bruxelles<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.slobodnadalmacija.hr/Split-%C5%BEupanija/tabid/76/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/115565/Default.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Lećevica: u što je potrošeno 50 milijuna kuna?<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.slobodnadalmacija.hr/Split-%C5%BEupanija/tabid/76/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/99111/Default.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Kasni centar u Lećevici, kamo ćemo sa smećem?<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.slobodnadalmacija.hr/Split-%C5%BEupanija/tabid/76/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/132523/Default.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Ministar Zmajlović: Milijuni su bačeni za Centar u Lećevici<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.slobodnadalmacija.hr/Hrvatska/tabid/66/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/194843/Default.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Ževrnja: Gradnja centra za otpad u Lećevici počinje 2015.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.slobodnadalmacija.hr/Split-%C5%BEupanija/tabid/76/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/236014/Default.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Umjesto na Karepovac, smeće će u Šilovića Doce<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.slobodnadalmacija.hr/Split-%C5%BEupanija/tabid/76/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/241384/Default.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Kontra Centra za otpad u Lećevici: 'Želimo razvoj na temelju eko hrane i bilja, a ne ekološku rentu'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.slobodnadalmacija.hr/Split-%C5%BEupanija/tabid/76/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/256096/Default.aspx" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Analiza znaka i djelatnost Regionalnog centra čisti okoliš d.o.o. (RCČO) Županije splitsko-dalmatinske<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.lerotic.de/rcco/index.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Šošić : Nećemo ostati bez europske potpore, očekujemo da na ljeto krene izgradnja Centra za otpad u Lećevici<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.radiodalmacija.hr/sosic-necemo-ostati-bez-europske-potpore-ocekujemo-da-na-ljeto-krene-izgradnja-centra-za-otpad-u-lecevici/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> O Lećevici reagirali i iz Lijepe naše<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.kastela.org/novosti/aktualnosti/25379-o-lecevici-reagirali-i-iz-lijepe-nase" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Gradnja centra za gospodarenje otpadom u Lećevici<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://mreza.tv/gradnja-centra-za-gospodarenje-otpadom-u-lecevici/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Tomislav Šuta: Lećevica otvara 80 'zelenih' radnih mjesta<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.slobodnadalmacija.hr/dalmacija/split-zupanija/clanak/id/310300/tomislav-suta-lecevica-otvara-80-zelenih-radnih-mjesta" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Centar u Lećevici do 2018. ili će nam EU udariti penale<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.slobodnadalmacija.hr/dalmacija/split-zupanija/clanak/id/302437/centar-u-lecevici-do-2018-ili-ce-nam-eu-udariti-penale" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> LEĆEVICA OTPAD 24012012 TV JADRAN<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=E9TLyMjKqL4" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> lecevica ili smecevica<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lt0pbBeCOjY" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Documents</td><td><table><tr><td><p><strong>Citizens protest for closing down of the local Landfill Karepovac in May 2014</strong> The waste from overloaded landfill Karepovac should be disposed on the regional landfill in Lecevci whose construction was delayed<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/1._citizens_protes.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p><strong>Banner against Landfill Lećevica</strong> Landfill in Lećevica is threat to potable water<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://file.ejatlas.org/docs/vizualizacija_lecevica_5.jpg" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Jovanka Spiric, Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona, vankajo(at)gmail.com</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>16/05/2016</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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