Rio Branco-Jauaperi Extractive Reserve, Brazil

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Since 2001, ten communities living between the rivers Branco and Jauaperi, on the border between the Brazilian States of Amazonas and Roraima, have been fighting for the creation of the Extractive Reserve Rio Branco-Jauaperi. Communities there live from subsistence agriculture, small-scale fishing and the extraction of castanha, copaiba and vegetable fibers. The communities are organized around the Amazonia Association and other local associations and receive support from conservation NGOs, like WWF and Brazilian EJO Instituto Socioambiental. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> The inhabitants of these communities face the resistance of timber groups, commercial fishers, turtle hunters and of the Government of the State of Roraima. Some federal ministries, like the Ministrio de Minas e Energia, also presented alternative projects for the area, such as the use of hydropower potential for electric power generation. IBAMA and the ICMBio already approved the creation of the reserve, but the project has not been approved yet and pending in the Casa Civil for five years. <br/><br/> The conflict involving the communities and other local stakeholders have led to lawsuits, protests, murders and at least one arson fire that destroyed the house of a local leader. There are complaints that the Government of the State of Roraima would be delivering housing lots in the area and creating other protected areas on site to impede the establishment of the extractive reserve. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Rio Branco-Jauaperi Extractive Reserve, Brazil</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/brazil">Brazil</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Amazonas e Roraima</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Novo Airo e Rorainopolis</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>MEDIUM regional level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Aquaculture and fisheries<br /> Deforestation<br /> Establishment of reserves/national parks</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/electricity'>Electricity</a><br /><a href='/commodity/land'>Land</a><br /><a href='/commodity/fish'>Fish</a><br /><a href='/commodity/timber'>Timber</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>600,000 </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Government of the State of Roraima, Ministrio de Minas e Energia - MME, Instituto Brasileiro de Meio Ambiente e Recursos Naturais Renovveis - IBAMA, Instituto Chico Mendes de Biodiversidade - ICMBio, Ministrio do Meio Ambiente - MMA, Casa Civil, Instituto de Terras Roraimense, Ministrio de Minas e Energia [MME]</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Associacao Amazonia, WWF, Instituto Socioambiental, Fundao Vitria Amazonica</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>In REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Fishermen<br /> International ejos<br /> Local ejos<br /> Local government/political parties<br /> Trade unions<br /> Extractive communities</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Defense of creating conservation unit</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Fires, Food insecurity (crop damage), Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Global warming, Soil erosion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Deaths<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Stopped</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Deaths<br /> Land demarcation<br /> Court decision (victory for environmental justice)<br /> Court decision (failure for environmental justice)<br /> New legislation<br /> Strengthening of participation<br /> Violent targeting of activists</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The extractive reserve has not yet been created and deforestation and predatory fishing activities still occur in the area.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> BRASIL. Presidencia da Republica. Casa Civil. Decreto n 6.754, de 28 de janeiro de 2009: Regulamenta a Lei no 10.304, de 5 de novembro de 2001, que dispe sobre a transferencia ao dominio do Estado de Roraima de terras pertencentes Unio, e d outras provide<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> BRASIL. Ministrio do Meio Ambiente. Conselho Nacional do Meio Ambiente. MOO N. 101, de 26 de junho de 2009: Manifesta apoio criao da Reserva Extrativista RESEX Baixo Rio Branco Jauaperi. <br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Acesso em: 12 nov. 2012.<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> LDER de comunidade extrativista sofre atentado. <br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> INSTITUTO SOCIOAMBIENTAL. Expedio ao Mdio Rio Negro (AM) levanta informaes em reas prioritrias para a conservacao. <br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> ALMEIDA, Alfredo Wagner Berno, SOARES, Ana Paulina. A. Ribeirinhos e Artesos - Itaquera, Gaspar, Barreira Branca e So Pedro. Rio Jauaperi, Roraima e Amazonas. Braslia: PNCS-PCTB-UFAM, 2007 (Fascculo).<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> LDER de comunidade extrativista sofre atentado. . Disponvel em: Acesso em: 17 dez. 2008.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> SOUTO MAIOR, Ana Paula Caldeira. Estado de Roraima persegue Associao de Extrativistas do Baixo Rio Branco. Instituto Socioambiental, 01 jun. 2011. Disponvel em: Acesso em: 12 nov. 2012.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> YOU TUBE. Depoimento de Chico Caetano. 13 nov. 2008. Disponvel em: Acesso em: 12 nov. 2012.<br/><a class="refanch small" href="" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Diogo Rocha</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>