River Ethiope Polluted by massive oil spill, Nigeria

Description

A long stretch of River Ethiope, which is the main source of drinking water for rural dwellers in Ethiope West Local Government Area and Ovwore, Eko, Amukpe, Okirighwre, Sapele Okpe and Ogorode communities in Sapele Local Government Area of Delta State, has been polluted by crude oil, leaking from one of the oil pipelines belonging to Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, NNPC, which runs across the river, at Eko village.

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Basic Data
NameRiver Ethiope Polluted by massive oil spill, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceDelta State
SiteSapele Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date30/07/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesNigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNigerian National Petroleum Corporation , Ministry of Niger Delta Affairs
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersNigerian Media, Trade Unions, ERA
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Women
Local scientists/professionals
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Genetic contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Malnutrition, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Development of AlternativesThe affected communities demands that that the Government should clean the spill, so that they can go about their Fishing activities again.

The Government should provide alternative fish ponds, to engage Fisher folks, during clean up.

Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The affected communities continue to count their losses, as long as the spill remains unabated. They have called on the relevant institutions to clean up the spill and pay compensation.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outsider Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules, laws policies and guidelines.

Ministry of Environment, Nigeria

References

NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007.

Links

Ethiope polluted by massive oil spill
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Meta Information
ContributorAfoke Ohwojeheri
Last update08/04/2014
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