Riverside Park, Detroit MI, USA


Description

The Riverside Park located directly next to the Ambassador bridge that connects the United States and Canada through Detroit, has been a site of continued tension. Following the September 11th attacks the Detroit International Bridge Company who owns the Ambassador bridge tried to restrict access to the park for security reasons. The community took the issue to court and then won. Despite being successful in gaining access to the park it was short lived. In 2012 the Detroit International Bridge Company reported to the city that the soil and groundwater in the park was contaminated with hydrocarbons, nickel, chrome and lead and the park was closed for cleanup. However, residents continue to push for swift action for clean up and a complete reopening of the park. Detroiters continue to use portions of the park for recreation and fishing despite the contamination.

Basic Data
NameRiverside Park, Detroit MI, USA
CountryUnited States of America
ProvinceMichigan
SiteDetroit
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesLand
Manufactured Products
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsPark had been unavailable to Detroiters for 10 years

Reduced available park acres from 21 acres to 9 acres.

Current contamination found 8 feet under the surface soil.
Project Area (in hectares)8.09
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected Population43,000
Start Date2001
Company Names or State EnterprisesDetroit International Bridge Company from United States of America
Relevant government actorsCity of Detroit

Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFriends of Riverside Park
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingLocal ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBoycotts of official procedures/non-participation in official processes
Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism
Property damage/arson
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Other socio-economic impacts
Outcome
Project StatusPlanned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.While there was a strong community presence that resulted in a successful litigation for the local community organizations, the Detroit International Bridge Company forced the continued blockade of the area by reporting an area of contamination. This resulted in the area being unavailable to residents until a full clean up can be preformed. The city of Detroit and local EJOs have been searching for grants to continue the clean up of the Riverside Park.
Sources and Materials
References

Revitalizing Riverside: Community Perspectives on Enhancing an Urban Park
[click to view]

Detroit’s Toxic Legacy – Bankrupt City Faces Environmental Challenges, DC Bureau. org
[click to view]

Media Links

Riverside Park contamination must be cleaned up before reopening, Detroit Free Press April 2013
[click to view]

Other Documents

Source: http://www.yelp.com/biz/riverside-park-detroit
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSara Orvis, University of Michigan School of Natural Resources and Environment, [email protected]
Last update04/01/2016
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