Ronderos de Pulán contra minera la Zanja, Perú

Description

La Zanja se encuentra en la región norteña de Cajamarca, una rica zona donde opera también Yanacocha, la mayor mina de oro de Latinoamérica, de la estadounidense Newmont Mining Corp.

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Basic Data
NameRonderos de Pulán contra minera la Zanja, Perú
CountryPeru
ProvinceCajamarca
SitePulán
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Water access rights and entitlements
Establishment of reserves/national parks
Specific CommoditiesSilver
Gold
Project Details and Actors
Project Detailsmina a cielo abierto método de lixiviación en pilas 100 mil onzas de oro anuales 200 mil onzas de plata anuales 18 millones TM con una ley promedio de oro de 0,88 g/TM y una ley promedio de plata de 6,6 g/TM segundo yacimiento 10 millones TM con una ley de 0,56 g/TM
Project Area (in hectares)6800
Level of Investment (in USD)50000000
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population8000
Start Date2004
Company Names or State EnterprisesCompañía Minera Buenaventura from Peru
Newmont Mining Corporation from United States of America
Relevant government actorsMunicipalidad Distrital de Pulán, Instituto Nacional de Recursos Naturales INRENA
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFederación Regional de Rondas Campesinas y Urbanas de Cajamarca, Federación de Rondas Campesinas de la Provincia de Santa Cruz, Federación de Rondas Campesinas de Morán, Emeterio Acuña Barboza, Frente de Defensa de Santa Cruz, GRUFIDES, ECOVIDA
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Objections to the EIA
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Threats to use arms
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity)
Potential: Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Health ImpactsPotential: Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights
Potential: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement
Outcome
Project StatusProposed (exploration phase)
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Deaths
Institutional changes
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Application of existing regulations
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.Al parecer, en 2012, la explotación de la mina está detenida ya que la zona va a ser declarada Zona Intangible, por estar en cabecera de cuenca. Potente actuación de Rondas Campesinas.

En septiembre del 2013, se produce un paro indefinido contra las mineras en zona de cuenca.
Sources and Materials
References

Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de América Latina OCMAL

Estudio de Impacto Ambiental. Proyecto La Zanja. Resumen Ejecutivo (2007)

Business News Americas (Emily Russell)

Gestión. El diario de economía y negocios del Perú

Links

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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chávez, JMA y Talia Waldron
Last update08/04/2014
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