Rosia Montana, Romania

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">In July, 28, 2002 Rosia Montana witnessed a large meeting of 350 people from the region. This meeting produced the first Declaration in Romania after 1989: the â€Rosia Montana Declaration that articulated and legitimated Alburnus Maior, as the local association. The purpose of this grassroot organization was to mobilize opposition to what had been promoted to be the largest open cast cyanide use gold mine in Europe, a project of a Canadian corporation called Gabriel Resources and later on Rosia Montana Gold Corporation. The Declaration was supported (signed) by a group of 25 environmental NGOs from Romania. For the last 14 years Alburnus Maior has been successful not only in blocking the mining project but also in developing the most enduring and the largest socio-environmental movement in Romania with intense transnational networking. Currently, the movement has gathered over 100.000 active supporters who, by means of activism and direct participation, donations or promotion have been involved in the many various actions initiated in Rosia or (inter)nationally for Rosia as to transform the area from a doomed mono-industrial isolated space into a dynamic, lively and attractive region of farming, eco-tourism and socio-political debates about alternative futures. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Rosia Montana, Romania</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/romania">Romania</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Alba </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Rosia Montana , Alba county</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Tailings from mines<br /> Mineral ore exploration</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/silver'>Silver</a><br /><a href='/commodity/gold'>Gold</a></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Open cast mining, over 1600 ha Proven and Probable Reserves of 10.1 million oz of gold and 47.6 million oz of silver (215 million tons at 1.46g/t Au and 6.88 g/t Ag). </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none">Most important actor is the local association Alburnus Maior: [email protected] <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>1600</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Semi-urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>8000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2002</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/gabriel-resources'>Gabriel Resources <small>(GR)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/canada'><small>Canada</small></a><br /><a href='/company/rosia-montana-gold-corporation'>Rosia Montana Gold Corporation</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/canada'><small>Canada</small></a><br /><a href='/company/minvest'>Minvest</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/romania'><small>Romania</small></a><br /><a href='/company/electrum-strategic-holdings-llc'>Electrum Strategic Holdings LLC </a><br /><a href='/company/paulson-co'>Paulson & CO </a><br /><a href='/company/newmont-mining-corporation'>Newmont Mining Corporation</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/united-states-of-america'><small>United States of America </small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>From Romania: Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Culture and National Patrimony, Ministry of Economy, Commerce and Business <br/><br/>Romanian Parliament<br/><br/>From Hungary: Ministry of Environment and Water Management, Ministry of Culture<br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/icomos-global-council-of-monuments-and-sites'>ICOMOS (Global Council of Monuments and Sites)</a><br /><a href='/institution/europa-nostra'>EUROPA NOSTRA</a><br /><a href='/institution/european-investment-bank'>European Investment Bank <small>(EIB)</small></a><br /><a href='/institution/european-parliament'>European Parliament</a><br /><a href='/institution/world-bank'>The World Bank <small>(WB)</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Alburnus Maior, Save Rosia Montana campaign, Sighisoara Durabila, Pro Bicycles Urbo Association, Alma-Ro Association, TERRA Mileniul III Foundation, The Consortium ‘Baia Mare without Pollution’, Piatra Altarului-Cluj Club, Districtual Foundation for Youth –Constanta, A.S.C.O.R, Cluj-Napoca, A.R.M.E.D.D Bucharest, Romanian Institute for Peace, Eco-Alpex 024, Perpetuum Mobile Tourist Association, Ecologic Club “Transilvania’, Ciclotourism Club Napoca, CETM ALBAMont, Greenpeace, A.R.I.N Braila, Romantic Club Association, Roman Alpin Club, Association –Timisoara ECOMEDIA 21, Association, TACTIC -Logistic Centre, Mare Nostrum Constanta, AIDRom.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>PREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Proposed (exploration phase)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Most proposals for alternatives have been proposed by the Rosia Montana movement (as a network coordinated by the local organization Alburnus Maior): eco-agro-tourism; HayFest; family villas; small farming and agriculture; small family bussiness; patrimony restoration supported by voluntary architects<br/><br/>Proposal for inclusion in UNESCO (a campaign of the movement)<br/><br/>Adopt a House in Rosia: proposal initiated by initiated by Alburnus Maior in partnership with ARA – Architecture. Restoration. Archaeology, an NGO involved in research, conservation and enhancement of cultural heritage to the benefit of communities and society: http://www.adoptaocasa.ro/en/<br/><br/>Inclusion in the EUROPA NOSTRA program as one of the 7 most endangered cultural landmarks of Europe: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CZvJmXJfruo</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Yes</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>As of 2014, Parliament has voted against the Rosia Montana mine</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Government Resolution no. 458/1999, Licence to exploit to Minvest<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.lege-online.ro/lr-HOTARARE-458-1999-(18496).html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Law of national expropriation<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.rosiamontana.org/ro/node/504" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Mining law<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://lege5.ro/Gratuit/gq3danjx/legea-minelor-nr-85-2003" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> New local organization: Rosia Montana Cultural Foundation<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://rosia-montana-cultural-foundation.com/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Save Rosia Montana movement<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=y89oSum59BY" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Latest documentary: Roșia Montană, Town on the brink<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bMLhvQ0otuE" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> People in Rosia Montana, talking to President Basescu (part II)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GddP8R71b7g" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> MindBomb Campaign<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.facebook.com/media/set/?set=a.173015676080190.37060.173010142747410&type=1" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> The Aesthetic Post-communist Subject and the Differend of Rosia Montana, Irina Velicu<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.academia.edu/2316626/The_Aesthetic_Post-communist_Subject_and_the_Differend_of_Rosia_Montana" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Join the protest: Actress Maia Morgenstern donates all her gold!<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J4bG7oil3gU" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> United we Save<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://wwf.panda.org/?211153/United-we-save-Rosia-Montana" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Romania rejects Rosia Montana gold mine<br />The Ecologist<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.theecologist.org/News/news_round_up/2196555/romania_rejects_rosia_montana_gold_mine.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Huffington Post<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/rupert-wolfemurray/romania-the-worlds-first-_b_3395413.html?utm_hp_ref=tw" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> "Thousands organize street protest against Romania’s gold mining project Rosia Montana"<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.romania-insider.com/hundreds-organize-street-protest-against-romanias-gold-mining-project-rosia-montana/105587/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Autonomous Action Radio<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://autonomousactionradio.com/2013/08/26/rosia-montana-romania-under-siege-from-a-canadian-mining-company-uncensored/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Rosia Montana.org<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.rosiamontana.org/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> "Lista oraselor care se alatura protestului impotriva distrugerii Rosiei Montane"<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://rosiamontana.org/stiri/lista-oraselor-care-pe-1-septembrie-se-alatura-protestului-impotriva-distrugerii-rosiei" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> (Rosia Montana under siege)<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7_dKoIzFAQ&feature=player_embedded" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Comments</td><td>The organizations that signed the declaration and/or supported the movement are as follows:<br/><br/>Alburnus Maior & Rosia Montana Movement - http://www.rosiamontana.org/en,<br/><br/>Sighisoara Durabila - http://sighisoaradurabila.wordpress.com/<br/><br/>Pro Bicycles Urbo Association – no website<br/><br/>Alma-Ro Association - http://www.alma-ro.ngo.ro/<br/><br/>TERRA Mileniul III Foundation - http://terramileniultrei.ro/<br/><br/>http://www.adoptaocasa.ro/en/<br/><br/>The Consortium “Baia Mare without Pollution – nu am gasit<br/><br/>Piatra Altarului-Cluj Club – no website<br/><br/>Architecture. Restoration. Archaeology Association - http://www.simpara.ro/<br/><br/>Districtual Foundation for Youth—Constanta - http://www.fntr.ro/fundatii/fjt_ct.html A.S.C.O.R. - Cluj-Napoca - http://www.ascorcluj.ro/<br/><br/>A.R.M.E.D.D. Bucharest – no website<br/><br/>Romanian Institute for Peace - http://www.patrir.ro/en<br/><br/>Eco-Alpex 024 – no website<br/><br/>Perpetuum Mobile Tourist Association – no website<br/><br/>Ecologic Club “Transilvania - http://www.cetcluj.ro/<br/><br/>Ciclotourism Club Napoca - http://ccncluj.blogspot.ro/<br/><br/>CETM ALBAMont - http://www.albamont.ro/<br/><br/>Greenpeace - http://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/<br/><br/>A.R.I.N. Braila - http://www.arin.ro/<br/><br/>Romantic Club Association – no website<br/><br/>Roman Alpin Club - http://www.clubulalpinroman.ro/wordpress/<br/><br/>Association – Timisoara – no website<br/><br/>ECOMEDIA 21 Association – no website<br/><br/>TACTIC Logistic Centre – no website<br/><br/>Mare Nostrum Constanta - http://www.marenostrum.ro/<br/><br/>AIDRom - http://www.aidrom.ro/<br/><br/>Militia spirituala - http://militiaspirituala.ro/home.html?no_cache=1<br/><br/>ReGeneration - http://regenerationromania.wordpress.com/<br/><br/>Babes-Bolyai University - http://www.ubbcluj.ro/en/<br/><br/>Romanian Academy - http://www.acad.ro/<br/><br/>Romanian Church - http://patriarhia.ro/<br/><br/>Mining Watch - http://miningwatch.ro/<br/><br/>No cyanide Romania coalition - http://www.faracianura.ro/<br/><br/>ASE - http://www.ase.ro/</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Irina Velicu & Joan Martinez Alier</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>25/09/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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