Ruptured Pipeline Spews Crude Oil, Nigeria

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">Maroko is a densely populated settlement located in Uvwie Local Government Area of Delta State. The people are predominately farmers and fisher folks. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> Shells rusty and ill maintained 24 inch pipeline used to convey crude oil and gas from Forcados to Warri Refinery ruptured spewing over 250 barrels of crude oil directly into homestead and surrounding environment at Maroko . <br/><br/> About 20,000 local residents were affected, and Shell ordered eviction of residents of Maroko community without compensation nor proper remediation. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Ruptured Pipeline Spews Crude Oil, Nigeria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/nigeria">Nigeria</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Delta State</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Uvwie Local Government Area</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)<br /> Oil and gas exploration and extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/crude-oil'>Crude oil</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Semi-urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>11/2002</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/shell-petroleum-development-company'>Shell Petroleum Development Company <small>(SPDC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a><br /><a href='/company/royal-dutch-shell'>Royal Dutch Shell <small>(RDS)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/netherlands'><small>Netherlands</small></a><br /><a href='/company/nigerian-national-petroleum-corporation'>Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation <small>(NNPC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Federal Ministry of Environment, National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation Agency </td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Environmental Rights Action</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Farmers<br /> Fishermen<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Local ejos</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of a network/collective action</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Unknown</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Migration/displacement</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>-Shell should clean up the spill and pay proper compensation to affected local residents.<br/><br/>-Immediate commence the process of replacing all its aged and obsolete pipeline in the Niger Delta.<br/><br/>-Stop the dangerous practice of laying pipeline across inhabited settlements.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>Not Sure</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The displaced local residents have migrated to near by communities and cities in search for survival.<br/><br/>Proper clean have not been carried out by Shell, and the affected residents are yet to be compensated.<br/><br/></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> National Oil Spill Detection and Remediation Agency (NOSDRA)<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Federal Ministry of Environment<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Nnimmo Bassey</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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