Sable Chemicals, Zimbabwe

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns">Sable Chemicals is the sole manufacturer of ammonium fertilizer in Zimbabwe. The company has become the first to implement a Clean Development Mechanism project which aims at reducing the emission of nitrous oxide. The company is also the biggest consumer of electricity in Zimbabwe and it has announced that it is diversifying from hydro-electrolysis to coal gasification. The coal gasification project defeats the clean development mechanism since the magnitude and impact of carbon emission from the power generation process is likely to be more devastating than nitrous oxide emission. The company has made it clear that it is resorting to coal gasification as a cost cutting measure, having been switched off by the power utility company ZESA over a 20m debt in 2011. It is against this background that environmental activists feel Sable Chemicals is pursuing its economic interests at the expense of the environment and the local communities. Although the company has invited tenders for environmental impact assessment in compliance with the Environmental Management Act, there are fears that coal gasification will seriously contribute to global warming through carbon emissions. For more details read the ejolt blog here: http://www.ejolt.org/2012/09/the-economic-and-environmental-costs-of-sable-chemicals/</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Sable Chemicals, Zimbabwe</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/zimbabwe">Zimbabwe</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Midlands</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Kwekwe</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>REDD/CDM<br /> Climate change related conflicts (glaciers and small islands)<br /> Chemical industries<br /> Agro-toxics</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/carbon-offsets'>Carbon offsets</a><br /><a href='/commodity/chemical-products'>Chemical products</a><br />Ammonium Fertilizer</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">When operating at full capacity Sable Chemicals require 115 megawatts, equivalent to the size of a power station, to fire its plant. The CDM project foresees 473,759 metric tonnes CO2 equivalent per annum of reductions. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Project Area (in hectares)</td><td>26300</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Level of Investment (in USD)</td><td>Not known</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Urban</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Potential Affected Population</td><td>60,000 - 100,000</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>2011</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/sable-chemicals-investments'>Sable Chemicals Investments</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/zimbabwe'><small>Zimbabwe</small></a><br /><a href='/company/chemplex-corporation-ltd'>Chemplex Corporation Ltd</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/zimbabwe'><small>Zimbabwe</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Environmental Management Agency, Agricultural tehcnical and Extension Services, Ministry of Agriculture, Mechanization and Irrigation Development, Ministry of Energy and Water Resources Development, Ministry of Environment and Natural Resource Management</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/united-nations-framework-convention-on-climate-change'>United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change/CDM <small>(UNFCC)</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Center for Natural Resource Governance, Center for Civil Society (UKZN) ccs.ukzn.ac.za/‎</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>LATENT (no visible organising at the moment)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>LATENT (no visible resistance)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>International ejos<br /> Local ejos</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Media based activism/alternative media</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Air pollution, Global warming, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Desertification/Drought, Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Accidents, Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Displacement, Increase in violence and crime, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>Planned (decision to go ahead eg EIA undertaken, etc)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Corruption<br /> Application of existing regulations<br /> New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>Continued use of hydro-electrolysis<br/><br/>Use of other forms of clean energy such as wind and solar instead of coal gasification<br/><br/>Diversification to organic manure in agriculture</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Sable Chemicals has close links with government and has been bailed out by government in the past as it is viewed as critical to agriculture. The CDM proposal has already been approved by government despite the fact that there was no consultation with the local community. There are strong suspicions that the EIA to be conducted may be a mere formality to fulfill the requirements of the law. if this happens then the coal gasification project will negatively affect the environment for many decades to come and yet having passed the EIA test as environmentally friendly. </td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Environmental Management Act<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> A6.AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH ACT ACT 18 05<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> AGRICULTURAL AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY ACT ACT 18 01<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> FERTILIZERS FARM FEEDS AND REMEDIES ACT ACT 18 12<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> NOXIOUS WEEDS ACT ACT 19 07<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> INDUSTRIAL DESIGNS ACT ACT 26 02<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> N/A<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> EJOLT website<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.ejolt.org/2012/09/the-economic-and-environmental-costs-of-sable-chemicals/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Newsday, 'Sable Chemicals require $200m for gasification plant'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="https://www.newsday.co.zw/2011/03/31/2011-03-31-sable-chemicals-require-200m-for-gasification-plant/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> N/A<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Comments</td><td>--</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Farai Maguwu</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
Comments