San Andres - Copan (Honduras)

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">La Mina de San Andres, ubicada en el Municipio de La Union, Departamento de Copan, en la frontera con Guatemala a unos 200 kilometros al occidente de Tegucigalpa. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> En 1998 Greenstone Minera, se encargo de realizar el estudio geologico, usando un escaneo por satelite y helicopteros para rastrear la zona minera de la conocida Falla de San Andres. Los resultados obtenidos, daban cuenta que el mineral se encontraba debajo del casco perimetral de la aldea de Las Minas de San Andres. Interpretando la ley de Mineria vigente trasladaron a sus habitantes a un nuevo poblado a varios kilometros de su posicion actual, 123 familias vendieron casas y tierras, pero nunca recibieron el pago prometido, Greenstone se fue, y vino despues en Banco Atlantida que no cumplio lo prometido. <br/><br/> La demolicion del antiguo pueblo incluida la iglesia colonial, fue repudiado por los habitantes de los demas poblados vecinos: Azacualpa, San Miguel, El Corpus que denunciaron ante las autoridades que la planta de tratamiento podria tener un vertido de cianuro al Rio Higuito. Con este motivo, el Obispo Luis Alfonso Santos, activista y defensor de los Derechos Humanos, en una de sus intervenciones, insto al gobierno a que emitiera una nueva Ley de Mineria que favorezca al trabajador y al pais. Su denuncia fue secundada por Greenpeace, debido a la tala y roza de varias hectareas de arboles de pino para construir un embalse. <br/><br/> Debido a la cantidad de demandas la compañia Greenstone, vendio los derechos a Minerales de Occidente, S.A. (MINOSA) propiedad de la sociedad Banco Atlantida S.A. que es la que explotó el yacimiento. <br/><br/> La explotacion minera se realiza a cielo abierto, extrayendo oro y ocasionando daños en la salud de la poblacion, debido a la descarga de cianuro en los rios Lara e Higuito, afectando las fuentes de agua de muchas comunidades del occidente del pais, incluyendo a Santa Rosa de Copan, la ciudad de mayor importancia en esa zona hondureña. Se han sucedido las mineras canadienses Yamana y Aura Gold. La iglesia menonita describe asi el caso. <br/><br/> This is a 300-year-old agricultural community of San Andrés de Minas in the Copan department of western Honduras. In 1999, Greenstone Resources Limited of Canada obtained a concession in San Andrés area. In a short time, residents were relocated and the town centre flattened. <br/><br/> The relocation of San Andrés was devastating for the community. The people lost their traditional family farm plots and, because soil in the relocation area was poor, agriculture became much more difficult. Only a handful got jobs in the mine. The community also lost its central plaza and meeting place. Long-standing relationships and traditional village governance structures began to break down, making it difficult for people to organize and assert their concerns. <br/><br/> By 2000, Minosa Mining bought Greenstone. Expansion continued and other nearby communities were affected. Minosa established a cyanide heap leach pad only a short distance from the village of San Miguel. Residents of San Miguel soon began to experience skin disorders that come with contaminated water, and their farm animals began to die. Over the years, there have been several major spills of tailings into a nearby river, killing fish and other aquatic life, and affecting communities downstream. <br/><br/> In 2005, the mine changed hands once again to British Columbia-based, Yamana Gold. Problems continued as Yamana sought to expand the mine. By spring of 2006, people from four different communities were being displaced for this expansion. The original group from San Andrés faced relocation a second time. <br/><br/> Keywords: cyanid; displacement and uprooting; bishops intenvention; menonite church<br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>San Andres - Copan (Honduras)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/honduras">Honduras</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Copan</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>La Union</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Land acquisition conflicts<br /> Tailings from mines<br /> Mineral ore exploration</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/gold'>Gold</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">Mina a cielo Abierto Vida util 7 años Removerá 13.1 millones de ton. con ley media de 1.59 gramos por tonelada Reservas 671.000 onzas de oro</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>1998</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/greenstone-minera'>Greenstone Minera</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/canada'><small>Canada</small></a><br /><a href='/company/minerales-de-occidente-sa'>Minerales de Occidente, S.A. <small>(MINOSA)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/honduras'><small>Honduras</small></a><br /><a href='/company/yamana-gold-inc'>Yamana Gold Inc.</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/canada'><small>Canada</small></a><br /><a href='/company/aura-gold'>Aura Gold</a> from <a href='/country-of-company/canada'><small>Canada</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">International and Financial Institutions</td><td><a href='/institution/banco-atlantida'>Banco Atlantida</a> from <a href='/country-of-institution/honduras'><small>Honduras</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Asociacion de Organismos No Gubernamentales, ASONOG.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>International ejos<br /> Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Religious groups</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Development of a network/collective action<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Lawsuits, court cases, judicial activism<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Official complaint letters and petitions<br /> Public campaigns</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Groundwater pollution or depletion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Local population uprooted</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Militarization and increased police presence</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other</td><td>Local population uprooted</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Corruption<br /> Land demarcation<br /> Migration/displacement<br /> Negotiated alternative solution<br /> Application of existing regulations</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>Los habitantes de la zona han denunciado contaminacion de las aguas del rio con cianuro<br/><br/>y problemas de salud, por otro lado, los pobladores que mantuvieron un <br/><br/>acuerdo para la venta de sus propiedades fueron estafados al no recibir <br/><br/>sus pagos. Pese a todo, el proyecto sigue en marcha</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> excelente descripcion,por pastor de la iglesia menonita, <br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://mccottawa.ca/miningjustice/casestudies/sanandres" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Observatorio de Conflictos Mineros de America Latina OCMAL<br/></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> Mining Watch Canada, junio 2001<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.olca.cl/ocmal/ds_acti.php?nota=ProyectoMinero&p_busca=242" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> <a class="refanch small" href="http://www.miningwatch.ca/qu-bec-copan-globalization-and-case-san-andr-s-minas" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Patricio Chávez</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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