Mina San Cristobal en Potosi y reubicación de la comunidad, Bolivia

La explotación de la mina implicó la relocalización de la comunidad de San Cristóbal, existente desde tiempos coloniales, originando graves conflictos sociales


Description

San Cristóbal se sitúa en el Municipio de Colcha K, en la provincia de Nor Lípez, Departamento de Potosí. Con altitudes entre los 3.800 y 4.500 msnm.

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Basic Data
NameMina San Cristobal en Potosi y reubicación de la comunidad, Bolivia
CountryBolivia
ProvincePotosi
SiteColcha K
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Land acquisition conflicts
Water access rights and entitlements
Specific CommoditiesSilver
Lead
Zinc
Project Details and Actors
Project Detailsmina a cielo abierto vida util 17 años reservas: 285.303.000 ton., con 1,41% de Zn, 0,48% de Pb, y 53,0 g/t de Ag.

planta concentradora procesa 40.000 ton. de mena/dia.
Level of Investment (in USD)1400000000
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date2010
Company Names or State EnterprisesSumitomo Corporation from Japan
Minera San Cristobal S.A. from Bolivia
Relevant government actorsCorte Suprema de Bolivia
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersFederacion Regional Unica de Trabajadores y Campesinos del Altiplano Sur FRUTCAS, Federacion Sindical de Trabajadores Mineros de Bolivia.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingArtisanal miners
Farmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Industrial workers
Local ejos
Social movements
Trade unions
Ethnically/racially discriminated groups
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Property damage/arson
Strikes
Arguments for the rights of mother nature
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Desertification/Drought, Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil erosion, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination
Health ImpactsVisible: Occupational disease and accidents
Potential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Corruption
Criminalization of activists
Migration/displacement
Repression
Violent targeting of activists
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Para el inicio de las operaciones, se reubico el poblado, sin embargo esto no ha evitado que sigan dándose problemas tanto de tipo social como ambiental.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Convenio 169 de la OIT
[click to view]

References

Fact sheet Bolivia San Cristobal EJOLT
[click to view]

Links

OLCA web
[click to view]

Bolpress - San Cristóbal: El gran negocio minero
[click to view]

CEDIB - La Mina San Cristóbal, Bolivia
[click to view]

Other Documents

El sito de la mina San Cristobal Source: http://eju.tv/2015/07/gobierno-boliviano-descarta-estatizacion-de-la-minera-san-cristobal-y-garantiza-sus-operaciones/
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorPatricio Chavez & JMA
Last update08/02/2016
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