Self-organized Park Navarinou and Zoodochou Pigis str., Greece

The residents of Exarcheia neighbourhood, along with grassroots located in the area, converted a block into a self-organised green free space in a very densely populated neighbourhood of Athens.


Description

Exarchia is a neighborhood at the centre of Athens, close to the historical building of the National Technical University of Athens. It’s a famous region, as many intellectuals and artists used to live in the neighborhood and many leftist, anarchist and antifascist grassroots are located there. As in the majority of Athens downtown neighborhoods, there is a major need of free green open spaces.  In 2008, in Exarchia a 15 years’ old boy was assassinated by the police (Alexandros Grigoropoulos). Major rebels erupted in Exarchia, as well as across Athens and other Greek big cities. For more than a month, apart from demonstrations, various occupation actions took place.

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Basic Data
NameSelf-organized Park Navarinou and Zoodochou Pigis str., Greece
CountryGreece
ProvinceAttica
SiteMunicipality of Athens, Exarchia district
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Infrastructure and Built Environment
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Land acquisition conflicts
Urban development conflicts
Specific CommoditiesLand
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsA block of 0.15 hectare that used to be used as a parking, was transformed to a green park in a densely populated area in the centre of Athens
Project Area (in hectares)0.15
Level of Investment (in USD)Community self-organised project
Type of PopulationUrban
Potential Affected PopulationMunicipality of Athens: 655,780 Region of Attica: 3,812,330
Start Date07/03/2009
Company Names or State EnterprisesTechnical Chamber of Greece from Greece
Relevant government actorsMunicipality of Athens

Environmental justice organisations and other supportersSelf-managed Navarinou and Zoodochou Pigis park or parking park, http://parkingparko.espivblogs.net/

Citizens, grassroots and organizations located in the neighborhood
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginPREVENTIVE resistance (precautionary phase)
Groups MobilizingNeighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Land occupation
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of landscape/sense of place
Outcome
Project StatusStopped
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseEnvironmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
Negotiated alternative solution
Strengthening of participation
Project cancelled
Development of AlternativesThe residents of Exarcheia neighbourhood, along with grassroots located in the area, claimed and occupied a block for converting it into a green free space, instead of having another building built in a very densely populated neighbourhood of Athens.
Do you consider this as a success?Yes
Why? Explain briefly.The social movement reclaimed an open public space, occupied it and converted it into a self-managed open high green space, where plenty of activities are taking place.
Sources and Materials
References

Pournara S.I., 2013, Green, Public, Urban Areas
[click to view]

Links

Official site of the Self-managed Navarinou and Zoodochou Pigis park or parking park
[click to view]

Geronikos D., 2012, We are making an orchard in the park of Navarino
[click to view]

Other Documents

Social kitchen at the Park
[click to view]

The Park
[click to view]

The parking in Navarinou and Zoodohou Pigi str.
[click to view]

The Navarinou Park in Exarchia
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Constructing the park (a)
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Constructing the park (b)
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Planting in the park
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Poster
[click to view]

Activities for children
[click to view]

Concert
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorErmioni Frezouli, Geography Department - Harokopio University Athens (HUA).
Last update11/03/2016
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