Sewa Paper Mill in Gangapur, Orissa, India

Description

Ballarpur Industries Limited (BILT) is India’s largest manufacturer of writing and printing (W&P) paper. One of its manufacturing unit ‘Sewa paper Mill’ located in village Gaganapur, Post Office Jeypore District Koraput Orissa - 764 002. This plant produce Easy Print, Bilt Image Copier, Sunshine Maplitho quality paper [1].

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Basic Data
NameSewa Paper Mill in Gangapur, Orissa, India
CountryIndia
ProvinceOrissa
SiteGangapur
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Industrial and Utilities conflicts
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Manufacturing activities
Landfills, toxic waste treatment, uncontrolled dump sites
Water treatment and access to sanitation (access to sewage)
Agro-toxics
Specific CommoditiesWater
Paper Mill
Industrial waste
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsSewa Paper Mill produce different types of paper for example; Easy Print, Bilt Image Copier, Sunshine Maplitho the unit has annual production capacity of 65,000 tonns per annum [1]
Project Area (in hectares)121
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population1000-2000
Start Date18/01/2003
Company Names or State EnterprisesBallarpur Group from India
Relevant government actorsJeypore Sub-collector, Odisha State Pollution Control Board
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersVillagers of Umuri, Phampuni, Kaligam, Dhanpur, Randapali, Amabaguda, Ekamaba, Tankua and Balia panchayat areas
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local government/political parties
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Street protest/marches
Protesters have locked up the factory gate for an indefinite period if the demand is not fulfilled [2].
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Food insecurity (crop damage), Soil contamination, Waste overflow
Potential: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
OtherThe waste water of the paper mill is also entering water bodies in the peripheral villages resulting in the death of cattle.
Health ImpactsVisible: Infectious diseases
OtherVillagers are also suffering from skin infections.
Socio-economic ImpactsPotential: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
OtherThe waste water of the paper mill is also entering water bodies in the peripheral villages resulting in the death of cattle. Villagers are also suffering from skin infections.
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Environmental improvements, rehabilitation/restoration of area
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Technical solutions to improve resource supply/quality/distribution
Development of AlternativesThey demand compensation of Rs 10 lakh for an acre of damaged land. Sub-collector (Jeypore) is looking after the grievances of the villagers [2].
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Sub-collector (Jeypore) is looking after the grievances of the villagers [2].Crop damage due to effluents of the mill, the Sewa Paper Mill has given compensation to farmers.
Sources and Materials
References

Mohanty et. al. Utilization of Paper Mill Effluents for Agriculture in Environmental Pollution and Agriculture ed By Arvind Kumar

Links

[1] Ballarpur Industries Limited (BILT)
[click to view]

[2] Villagers up in arms against paper mill
[click to view]

[3] Protest against paper mill pollution
[click to view]

Meta Information
ContributorSwapan Kumar Patra
Last update08/04/2014
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