Shell Oil Spill at Nembe Creeks, Nigeria

Description
The people of Ewelesuo community are Nembe speaking Ijaw folks in Nembe local government area of Bayelsa State. The people are predominately fishermen, and rely on their creeks for survival. They host Shells Nembe 3 flow station and Wellhead 64.
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Basic Data
NameShell Oil Spill at Nembe Creeks, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceBayelsa State
SiteEwelesuo Community, Nembe Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAccording to NNPC (Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation) annual Bulletin 2010 states that: at Nembe Creeks produce: 2,627,556.36 Barrels of oil, and 1,872,366.81 Mscf of Gas Produced.

Type of PopulationRural
Start Date15/08/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesShell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) from Nigeria
Royal Dutch Shell (RDS) from Netherlands
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action, Oilwatch Nigeria, Trade Unions, Women Groups
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingSocial movements
Farmers
Women
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Trade unions
Fishermen
Local scientists/professionals
Informal workers
Landless peasants
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Creation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Public campaigns
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover
Potential: Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Global warming, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Potential: Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study
Development of Alternatives-A joint Investigation Visit [JIV] and report is necessary to official explain the cause of spill and make related recommendations

-Shell should fellow with immediate clean-up

-Victims should be compensated, including individuals and that was has to do with Water right
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The spill has not yet be contained, pollution is still widespread in the creeks, rendering economic activities to a stand still.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007.

References

Annual Statistical Bulletin 2011.: A publication of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation.

Links

Shell confirms pump failure in Bayelsa
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'Nigeria: Shell Moves to Clear Spill in Nembe Creek'
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'Nigeria: Mobil, Shell Mobilise to Clean Up Oil Spills'
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'Shell Nigeria says leak contained, locals report oil slick'
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'Shell controls Nembe oil spill, locals dispute claim'
[click to view]

Media Links

!/photo.php?fbid=10150996241186027andset=a.10150996240831027.420403.81335606026andtype=1andtheater
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!/photo.php?fbid=10150996241446027andset=a.10150996240831027.420403.81335606026andtype=1andtheater
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!/photo.php?fbid=10150996241791027andset=a.10150996240831027.420403.81335606026andtype=1andtheater
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!/photo.php?fbid=10150996241976027andset=a.10150996240831027.420403.81335606026andtype=1andtheater
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!/photo.php?fbid=10150996242181027andset=a.10150996240831027.420403.81335606026andtype=1andtheater
[click to view]

'Nigeria News: Shell Oil Spill at Nembe flow-station'
[click to view]

Other CommentsNigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outsider Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules, laws policies and guidelines.
Meta Information
ContributorGodwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014
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