Shell Oil Spill at Nembe Creeks, Nigeria

<div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Description</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld"></td><td class="columns"><div class="less">The people of Ewelesuo community are Nembe speaking Ijaw folks in Nembe local government area of Bayelsa State. The people are predominately fishermen, and rely on their creeks for survival. They host Shells Nembe 3 flow station and Wellhead 64. </div><a class="seemore" href="#">See more...</a><div class="more" style="display:none"> On 15th August, 2012, Shell confirmed a pump failure in their facility, but denied that no oil escaped into the creeks: 'There was no oil spill, and there was no impact on the environment', said Precious Okolobo, spokesman for Shell Petroleum Development Corporation (SPDC), The pump was immediately shut down. However, some oil escaped from the seal into the saver pit in the flow station, with some sheen observed, he said. <br/><br/> However, community people, environmentalist and media activist disputes claims made by Shell, accounting that the spill was wide spread, as oil was found lapping against the roots of mangroves, and continued along water ways of Brass River. <br/><br/> Shell has done nothing to contain the spill, nor conducted any clean up, but the company rather barricaded the area with Military officers to guard the impacted area, and threaten locals, environmentalist and media activists from gathering further information. <br/><br/><a class="seeless" href="#">(See less)</a></div></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Basic Data</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Name</td><td>Shell Oil Spill at Nembe Creeks, Nigeria</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Country</td><td><a href="/country/nigeria">Nigeria</a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Province</td><td>Bayelsa State</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Site</td><td>Ewelesuo Community, Nembe Local Government Area</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Accuracy of Location</td><td>HIGH local level</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Source of Conflict</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (1st level)</td><td>Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Conflict (2nd level)</td><td>Oil and gas exploration and extraction<br /> Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Specific Commodities</td><td><a href='/commodity/crude-oil'>Crude oil</a><br /></td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Project Details and Actors</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Details</td><td class="columns">According to NNPC (Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation) annual Bulletin 2010 states that: at Nembe Creeks produce: 2,627,556.36 Barrels of oil, and 1,872,366.81 Mscf of Gas Produced. <br/><br/></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Type of Population</td><td>Rural</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Start Date</td><td>15/08/2012</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Company Names or State Enterprises</td><td><a href='/company/shell-petroleum-development-company'>Shell Petroleum Development Company <small>(SPDC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a><br /><a href='/company/royal-dutch-shell'>Royal Dutch Shell <small>(RDS)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/netherlands'><small>Netherlands</small></a><br /><a href='/company/nigerian-national-petroleum-corporation'>Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation <small>(NNPC)</small></a> from <a href='/country-of-company/nigeria'><small>Nigeria</small></a></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Relevant government actors</td><td>Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation.</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Environmental justice organisations and other supporters</td><td>Environmental Rights Action, Oilwatch Nigeria, Trade Unions, Women Groups</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">The Conflict and the Mobilization</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)</td><td>MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">When did the mobilization begin</td><td>Mobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Groups Mobilizing</td><td>Social movements<br /> Farmers<br /> Women<br /> Indigenous groups or traditional communities<br /> Local ejos<br /> Neighbours/citizens/communities<br /> Trade unions<br /> Fishermen<br /> Local scientists/professionals<br /> Informal workers<br /> Landless peasants</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Forms of Mobilization</td><td>Community-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)<br /> Creation of alternative reports/knowledge<br /> Development of a network/collective action<br /> Development of alternative proposals<br /> Involvement of national and international NGOs<br /> Media based activism/alternative media<br /> Public campaigns<br /> Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Impacts</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Environmental Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Air pollution, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Genetic contamination, Global warming, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Groundwater pollution or depletion</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Health Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Occupational disease and accidents, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Socio-economic Impacts</td><td><strong>Visible: </strong>Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Loss of landscape/sense of place<br /><strong>Potential: </strong>Violations of human rights, Land dispossession</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Outcome</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Project Status</td><td>In operation</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Pathways for conflict outcome / response</td><td>Under negotiation<br /> New Environmental Impact Assessment/Study</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Development of Alternatives</td><td>-A joint Investigation Visit [JIV] and report is necessary to official explain the cause of spill and make related recommendations<br/><br/>-Shell should fellow with immediate clean-up<br/><br/>-Victims should be compensated, including individuals and that was has to do with Water right</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Do you consider this as a success?</td><td>No</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Why? Explain briefly.</td><td>The spill has not yet be contained, pollution is still widespread in the creeks, rendering economic activities to a stand still.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Sources and Materials</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Legislations</td><td><table><tr><td><p> NESREA ACT, Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette. No.92, Vol 94. Lagos ,31st July, 2007.<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">References</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Annual Statistical Bulletin 2011.: A publication of Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation.<br/></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> Shell confirms pump failure in Bayelsa<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.channelstv.com/home/2012/08/16/shell-confrims-pump-failure-in-bayelsa/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 'Nigeria: Shell Moves to Clear Spill in Nembe Creek'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://allafrica.com/stories/201208190126.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 'Nigeria: Mobil, Shell Mobilise to Clean Up Oil Spills'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://allafrica.com/stories/201208210222.html" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 'Shell Nigeria says leak contained, locals report oil slick'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://af.reuters.com/article/topNews/idAFJOE87G07P20120817" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 'Shell controls Nembe oil spill, locals dispute claim'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.channelstv.com/home/2012/08/17/shell-controls-nembe-oil-spill-locals-dispute-claim/" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Media Links</td><td><table><tr><td><p> !/photo.php?fbid=10150996241186027andset=a.10150996240831027.420403.81335606026andtype=1andtheater<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.facebook.com/#" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> !/photo.php?fbid=10150996241446027andset=a.10150996240831027.420403.81335606026andtype=1andtheater<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.facebook.com/#" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> !/photo.php?fbid=10150996241791027andset=a.10150996240831027.420403.81335606026andtype=1andtheater<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.facebook.com/#" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> !/photo.php?fbid=10150996241976027andset=a.10150996240831027.420403.81335606026andtype=1andtheater<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.facebook.com/#" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> !/photo.php?fbid=10150996242181027andset=a.10150996240831027.420403.81335606026andtype=1andtheater<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.facebook.com/#" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr><tr><td><p> 'Nigeria News: Shell Oil Spill at Nembe flow-station'<br/><a class="refanch small" href="http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jcsDtDaw560andfeature=share" target="_blank">[click to view]</a></p></td></tr></table></td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Other Comments</td><td>Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outsider Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules, laws policies and guidelines.</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div><div class="horipane"><div class="title active">Meta Information</div><div class="content"><table class="table"><tbody><tr><td class="fld">Contributor</td><td>Godwin Uyi Ojo</td></tr><tr><td class="fld">Last update</td><td>08/04/2014</td></tr></tbody></table></div></div>
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