Shell, Rumuekpe Clan Soaked in Crude Oil, Nigeria


Mgbuodo is a small rural community in Rumuekpe clan in Emuoha Local Government Area of Rivers State. Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) began activities in the Community in 1963 with four production locations. The inhabitants are poor and their community is highly undeveloped. An estimated 90 percent of the rural population depends solely on farming and fishing for their livelihoods.

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Basic Data
NameShell, Rumuekpe Clan Soaked in Crude Oil, Nigeria
ProvinceRivers State
SiteMgbuodo community in Rumuekpe clan in Emuoha Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific Commodities
Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date28/08/2002
Company Names or State EnterprisesRoyal Dutch Shell (SPDC) from Netherlands
Royal Dutch Shell (RDS) from Netherlands
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Relevant government actorsNigerian National Petroleum Corporation.
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action, Social Action
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)HIGH (widespread, mass mobilization, violence, arrests, etc...)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Landless peasants
Social movements
Trade unions
Local scientists/professionals
Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationBlockades
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Genetic contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…)
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Potential: Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Project StatusUnknown
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Under negotiation
Development of Alternatives-SPDC should take immediate steps to halt the spill, clean the mess, and overhaul its aged facility to forestall and further recurrence

-Shell should send relief materials and pay compensation to the affected people.

-The Company should demonstrate corporate responsibility and good citizenship accept their liability and avoid corporate deceit and arrogance in the Niger Delta.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The Spill has caused deplorable environmental destruction and exposed people to real threat of hunger, disease and untold hardship. Shell has not shown any genuine intention to either stop the spill or clean the impacted area, despite its consequences on the rural economy, ecology and people.
Sources and Materials

Knee Deep in Crude, (2007) Vol 2.

A Publication of Environmental Rights Action/ Friends of the Earth Nigeria.

Fueling Conflicts in the Niger Delta (2006)

Social Action Nigeria.

Meta Information
ContributorGodwin Uyi Ojo
Last update08/04/2014