Shell Spill in Otuasega Community, Nigeria

Description
Otuasega Community is located along the Kolo Creek in Ogbia local Government Area of Bayelsa State. The people are predominately farmers and fisher folks. They are host to oil wells operated by SPDC. The spill occurred along Shell pipelines at Yenagoa/ Imirigi road, which has ruined farmlands and truncated the livelihoods of the local people.

Basic Data
NameShell Spill in Otuasega Community, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceBayelsa State
SiteOgbia local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date21/04/2012
Company Names or State EnterprisesShell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) from Nigeria
Royal Dutch Shell (RDS) from Netherlands
Relevant government actorsNOSDRA , NESREA
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Women
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Oil spills
Potential: Air pollution, Fires, Genetic contamination, Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Development of Alternatives-The authorities should ensure that a Joint Investigation Team is constituted to properly investigate the cause, spread, quantity and likely impact of the spill and make recommendations.

-The community must be part of the Joint investigation exercise (JIV), sign the report ensuing from the visit and be given a copy.

-Shell should take all necessary steps to effect proper cleanup immediately, and pay adequate compensation to the affected households.
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.The Spill is yet to be cleaned, and compensation has not been paid to the affected people.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outsider Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules, laws policies and guidelines.

References

UNEP report
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Links

ERA
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Media Links

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Other CommentsNigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigerias natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outsider Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules, laws policies and guidelines.
Meta Information
ContributorAfoke Ohwojeheri
Last update08/04/2014
Comments