Shell's Adibawa delivery Pipeline pollutes Ikarama Community, Nigeria

Description
The Adibawa delivery line is a pipeline buried in the earth and conveys crude oil and related products from Adibawa in Rivers State through Ikarama Manifold in Bayelsa State back to Rumuekpe in Rivers State. Adibawa delivery line is owned by Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) and has been transferring crude oil in large quantity since its installation.
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Basic Data
NameShell's Adibawa delivery Pipeline pollutes Ikarama Community, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceBayelsa State
SiteIkarama Community, Okordia Clan, Yenagoa Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Oil and gas refining
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsAccording to the Nigerian National Annual Statistical Bulletin, the quantity of oil produced from Adibawa field is 896,068.10 bbls. Quantity of gas is 571,493.42 mscf.
Type of PopulationRural
Start Date23/07/2013
Company Names or State EnterprisesShell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) from Nigeria
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Royal Dutch Shell (RDS) from Netherlands
Relevant government actorsNigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersERA Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth-Nigeria, Oilwatch Nigeria
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Trade unions
Women
Forms of MobilizationDevelopment of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Air pollution, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseMigration/displacement
Under negotiation
The spill have not be completely clean, so it is partial restoration of the area.
Development of AlternativesShell should take immediate action to remediate all the spill sites.

• Shell should provide relief materials to all affected persons.

• Shell should equip the health centre to meet the health needs of the people.

• Compensation should be paid to previously and presently impacted land owners.

• Shell should employ surveillance workers from the community to protect the pipes from vandals.

• Shell should conduct joint investigation visit in all the sites.
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Although the spill area have been clamp with barricades, but the affected community people are yet to receive compensation from Shell.
Sources and Materials
Links

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Field Report #340: Adibawa delivery pipeline still polluting in Ikarama community
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Meta Information
ContributorAfoke Ohwojeheri
Last update17/06/2014
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