Shells faulty equipments pollutes Bunu-Tai Community, Nigeria


Bunu-Tai communiity engage in fishing and farming as part of the livelihoods and socioeconomic activities. Located in Tai Local Government area of River State, Nigeria, bounded by Bori camp and Khana local Government across Ogoniland. On 10th October 2013, Shells pipeline across the community burst and spills on community s farmlands and fish ponds during to an equipment failure by Shells installations, thereby affected neighbouring communities such as Nonwa Tai and Borobara Tai. However, other several small villages were also affected, unfortunately the spill has been left unabated since it occurred. Shell however declined to publicly ascertain the incidence while the community people awaits due compensation and clean up by SPDC.

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Basic Data
NameShells faulty equipments pollutes Bunu-Tai Community, Nigeria
ProvinceOgoniland, Rivers State
SiteTai Local Government Area
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Oil and gas refining
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific Commodities
Crude oil
Project Details and Actors
Type of PopulationRural
Potential Affected Population2,000 to 3,000
Company Names or State EnterprisesRoyal Dutch Shell (SPDC) from Netherlands
Royal Dutch Shell (RDS) from Netherlands
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersEnvironmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria.(ERA/FoEN), Ogoni Solidarity Forun. (OSF)
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Local ejos
Landless peasants

Fisher people
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Official complaint letters and petitions
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Food insecurity (crop damage), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Desertification/Drought, Fires, Genetic contamination, Global warming, Soil erosion, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsPotential: Malnutrition, Infectious diseases, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Specific impacts on women, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place
Potential: Displacement, Violations of human rights
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Development of AlternativesShell mobilize immediately to site for proper cleanup of the farmlands.

• Independent audit of affected people be carried out and Shell compelled to pay adequate compensation to families and landlords affected.

• Shell use this as an opportunity to commence immediate de-commissioning of its obsolete facilities that are littered all over Ogoni land

• The government of Nigeria as a matter of urgency begin immediate implementation of the UNEP report on Ogoni land.

Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.The community people continue to count their lost from the oil spillage. The spill released harmful substance into the surround causing lost of farmlands and fish ponds , and generally affected the socio -economic and cultural practices of the people. bring their entire livelihood to a decline.

Shell is yet to compensate the people and also clean up the spill from the area and affected villages.
Sources and Materials

Nigeria Federal Government agencies, such as NESREA and NOSDRA. NESREA (National Environmental Standards and Regulation Agency) has responsibility for the protection and development of the environment, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of Nigeria s natural resources in general and environmental technology including coordination, and liaison with, relevant stakeholders within and outsider Nigeria on maters of enforcement of environmental standards, regulations, rules, laws policies and guidelines.

National oil spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA) is saddle with the responsibility to create, nurture and sustain a zero tolerance oil spill incident in the Nigerian Environment'. There mission is to: To restore and preserve our environment by ensuring best Oil field, storage and transmission practices in exploration, production and use of oil in the quest to achieve sustainable development in Nigeria


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Meta Information
ContributorAfoke Ohwojeheri
Last update08/04/2014