Shells Operations contaminate Okorogbene Community, Nigeria

Description
Okorogbene Community in Diebiri Clan is in Warri South-West Local Government Area of Delta State. Okorogbene Community is a five minute boat ride from Shell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) Batan flow station Lat 5.5359. E 5.5391.
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Basic Data
NameShells Operations contaminate Okorogbene Community, Nigeria
CountryNigeria
ProvinceDelta State
SiteWarri South
Accuracy of LocationLOW country/state level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Fossil Fuels and Climate Justice/Energy
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Oil and gas refining
Oil and gas exploration and extraction
Pollution related to transport (spills, dust, emissions)
Specific CommoditiesCrude oil
Project Details and Actors
Project Area (in hectares)Unknown
Type of PopulationRural
Company Names or State EnterprisesShell Petroleum Development Company (SPDC) from Nigeria
Royal Dutch Shell (RDS) from Netherlands
Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) from Nigeria
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersERA-Environmental Rights Action/FOEN
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingFarmers
Fishermen
Indigenous groups or traditional communities
Local ejos
Landless peasants
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Trade unions
Women
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Development of a network/collective action
Development of alternative proposals
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Appeals/recourse to economic valuation of the environment
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Soil contamination, Oil spills, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Food insecurity (crop damage), Global warming, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Potential: Fires, Floods (river, coastal, mudflow), Air pollution, Genetic contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Large-scale disturbance of hydro and geological systems, Reduced ecological / hydrological connectivity
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Malnutrition, Mental problems including stress, depression and suicide, Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Health problems related to alcoholism, prostitution, Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Displacement, Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment, Loss of livelihood, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession, Loss of landscape/sense of place, Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women
Potential: Increase in violence and crime
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseUnder negotiation
Development of Alternatives-Shell should mobilize immediately to Okorogbene community to do a massive clean up of the creek.

-A Joint Investigation Visit [JIV] should be arranged immediately to investigate the operations of Shell and the report of the JIV made available to all stakeholders, including the community.

-Shell should adequately compensate Okorogbene Community for specific and general damages to the environment and property.

-Federal and State authorities should take appropriate steps to ensure that community people return to their home and Shell be made to pay adequate compensation to the community for loss suffered
Do you consider this as a success?Not Sure
Why? Explain briefly.Community people have not returned to their place, because of the pollution from Shell oil facility.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

The National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (NOSDRA), a Federal Government parastatal under the Federal Ministry of Environment, Housing and Urban development, was established under the National Oil Spill Detection and Response Agency (Establishment) Act 15, 2006 as the institutional framework for the implementation of the National Oil Spill Contingency Plan.
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Meta Information
ContributorAfoke Ohwojeheri
Last update24/06/2014
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