Shougang, Marcona, Perú

Description

La empresa china Shougang opera dos proyectos en Perú, la Cobriza que es una mina de cobre, la sexta en volumen en Perú, y la mina de hierro de San Juan de Marcona adquirida en 1992 por US$ 118 millones. Mina que, además de contaminar el ambiente, ha enfrentado muchas huelgas por los abusos laborales de la empresa. Shougang ha aparecido en la prensa internacional como un pésimo ejemplo de conducta empresarial china en nuevos proyectos extractivos El complejo minero metalúrgico de Shougang Hierro Perú S.A., procesa y comercializa el mineral del hierro, desde yacimientos ubicados en la costa sur del Perú a aprox. 530 km de la ciudad de Lima, en el distrito de Marcona, provincia de Nasca en la Región Ica.

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Basic Data
NameShougang, Marcona, Perú
CountryPeru
ProvinceIca
SiteMarcona
Accuracy of LocationHIGH local level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Mineral Ores and Building Materials Extraction
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Mineral ore exploration
Tailings from mines
Specific CommoditiesIron ore
Project Details and Actors
Project Detailsmina a cielo abierto 1.500 millones de toneladas de hierro en reservas vida útil más de 100 años 10 millones de toneladas al año, subirá a 18 millones.

Project Area (in hectares)15000
Level of Investment (in USD)1000000000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Potential Affected Population15000
Start Date1992
Company Names or State EnterprisesShougang Hierro Peru S.A. from China
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersSindicato de Obreros Mineros de Shougang Hierro Perú S.A.A.
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)MEDIUM (street protests, visible mobilization)
When did the mobilization beginMobilization for reparations once impacts have been felt
Groups MobilizingIndustrial workers
Neighbours/citizens/communities
Social movements
Trade unions
Women
Forms of MobilizationCommunity-based participative research (popular epidemiology studies, etc..)
Media based activism/alternative media
Official complaint letters and petitions
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Strikes
Occupation of buildings/public spaces
Strikes
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Air pollution, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality, Mine tailing spills
Potential: Waste overflow
Health ImpactsVisible: Accidents, Exposure to unknown or uncertain complex risks (radiation, etc…), Occupational disease and accidents, Deaths, Other environmental related diseases
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Lack of work security, labour absenteeism, firings, unemployment
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Militarization and increased police presence, Social problems (alcoholism, prostitution, etc..), Specific impacts on women, Violations of human rights
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCompensation
Corruption
Deaths
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.El conflicto recurrente es sobre todo de índole laboral por salarios. También hay reclamos por condiciones de trabajo y daños a la salud y ambientales.

Las protestas continúan.
Sources and Materials
References

Sindicato de Obreros de Shougang

Web Shougang

Periódico El Comercio

Revista Ideele (Brenda Cantoral)

Artículo New York Times (2010)

Hildegard Willer, Del sueño americano que se esfumó en un barco chino

Links

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Media Links

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Meta Information
ContributorJoan Martinez Alier & Talia Waldron
Last update08/04/2014
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