Shrimp farming in Canavieiras, Brazil

Description

Since 2001, fishermen, seafood collectors and crabs pickers of Canavieiras are suffering from the negative impacts of shrimp farming. Among the main consequences of this activity for local communities are the reduction of fish and crustaceans in the region; the contamination of rivers and mangroves; threats; violence and attempts at intimidation against fishermen and their families. In addition, there are reports of diseases among farm workers, arising from the Metabisulphite contamination, handled without personal protective equipment (PPE).The first complaints relating to these issues were published in 2002, when six associations of fishermen of Canavieiras denounced the high fish, shellfish and crabs kills as a result of the activities of local shrimp farms.

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Basic Data
NameShrimp farming in Canavieiras, Brazil
CountryBrazil
ProvinceBahia
SiteCanavieiras
Accuracy of LocationMEDIUM regional level
Source of Conflict
Type of Conflict (1st level)Biomass and Land Conflicts (Forests, Agriculture and Livestock Management)
Type of Conflict (2nd level)Wetlands and coastal zone management
Aquaculture and fisheries
Intensive food production (monoculture and livestock)
Specific CommoditiesShrimps
Fish
Project Details and Actors
Project DetailsCurrently 14 shrimp farms still operate in the region.

Project Area (in hectares)100000
Type of PopulationSemi-urban
Start Date2002
Company Names or State EnterprisesEquabras Auüicultura e Tecnologia Ltda.
Relevant government actorsInstituto Chico Mendes de Biodiversidade - ICMBIO;, Instituto Nacional de Colonizacao e Reforma Agraria - IBAMA, Ministerio do Meio Ambiente - MMA
Environmental justice organisations and other supportersColonia de Pesca Z20;, Associacao dos Pescadores de Puxim do Sul;, Associacao dos Pescadores e Agricultores de Campinhos – APAC;, Associacao de Pescadores e Marisqueiras de Atalaia - APEMA;, Associacao de Pescadores e Agricultores de Puxim da Praia - AMPP;, Associacao de Pescadores e Marisqueiras de Oiticica;, Associacao de Moradores, Pescadores e Marisqueiras de Barra Velha
The Conflict and the Mobilization
Intensity of Conflict (at highest level)LOW (some local organising)
When did the mobilization beginIn REACTION to the implementation (during construction or operation)
Groups MobilizingFishermen
Local ejos
Neighbours/citizens/communities
seafood collectors; crab pickers;
Forms of MobilizationCreation of alternative reports/knowledge
Development of a network/collective action
Involvement of national and international NGOs
Public campaigns
Street protest/marches
Impacts
Environmental ImpactsVisible: Biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water (physico-chemical, biological) quality
Potential: Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Groundwater pollution or depletion
Health ImpactsVisible: Violence related health impacts (homicides, rape, etc..) , Occupational disease and accidents
Socio-economic ImpactsVisible: Increase in Corruption/Co-optation of different actors, Displacement, Violations of human rights, Land dispossession
Potential: Increase in violence and crime, Loss of livelihood, Loss of traditional knowledge/practices/cultures
Outcome
Project StatusIn operation
Pathways for conflict outcome / responseCorruption
Land demarcation
Court decision (victory for environmental justice)
New legislation
Strengthening of participation
Application of existing regulations
Do you consider this as a success?No
Why? Explain briefly.Local communities remain threatened by shrimp farming.
Sources and Materials
Legislations

SENADO FEDERAL. DECRETO DE 5 DE JUNHO DE 2006. Dispoe sobre a criacao da Reserva Extrativista de Canavieiras, localizada nos Municipios de Canavieiras, Belmonte e Una, Estado da Bahia, e da outras providencias. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 05 nov. 2008.
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References

MAPA DE CONFLITOS ENVOLVENDO INJUSTICA AMBIENTAL E SAUDE NO BRASIL. Ameacas de morte e de perda de emprego de familiares sao utilizados para oprimir a populacao e desmontar a Reserva Extrativista de Canavieiras. Available at: Acesso em: 22 abr. 2013.
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Links

EM defesa das Reservas Extrativistas da Prainha do Canto Verde/Ceara e de Canavieiras/Bahia. Combate ao Racismo Ambiental, 05 dez. 2010. Disponivel em: Acesso em: 16 abr. 2013.
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FAUSTINO, Cris e PACHECO, Tania. BLOG ESPECIAL: Na Reserva Extrativista de Canavieiras, Bahia, a comunidade aguarda, ansiosa, a acao de Lula contra a as ameaças da politica corrupta e do capital degradador. Combate ao Racismo Ambiental, 05 dez. 2010. Disp
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FREITAS, Sérgio; RODRIGUES, Jaqueline e DUTRA, Guilherme. Atentado destroi embarcacao comunitaria em Canavieiras. Conservacao Internacional Brasil, 22 mai. 2009. Acesso em: 16 abr. 2013.
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Meta Information
ContributorDiogo Rocha
Last update08/04/2014
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