Rajasthan is one of the rich mineral states of India.
About sixty-four different kinds of metallic and non-metallic minerals, ores and deposits are available in the state. As a result various forms of mining activity are the second most employment generator in the state after agriculture. According to an estimate, over 3.1 million workers (most of them are tribal and dalits, economically and socially weaker section of the society) are engaged in the mining activity. Most of these workers work in sub-standard working condition without any standard wages, insurance and health facilities. So, unhealthy work conditions leads to occupational hazards and chronic diseases among the mining workers in the state  Looking at their apathy many organizations started advocacy to get their rights. Trade unions for example; New Trade Union Initiative (NTUI) and NGOs for example Mine Labour Protection Campaign (or MLPC) to name a few are vocal on the causes of Rajasthan Mining workers. They raised their issues in various platforms time to time. In 2007, many cases of silicosis were reported in Jodhpur. Thanks to the demand from the protesting organizations, National Institute of Occupational Health (NIOH) conducted tests for silicosis on 164 people from Jhadole and Devgarh villages. Even with the pressing demands from various corners, the report was not made public even after an RTI (Right to Information) application .
In 2011, the affected workers along their families started dharna (sit in protest) before the sub-divisional Magistrate (SDM) office in Jhadole, Udaipur. They demanded the medical reports conducted by NIOH. They pressed this demand because if the medical reports state that are suffering from silicosis, it will entitle them free medical treatment, compensation and other facilities according to the Supreme Court laid down norms. The SDM assured them that he will look into the matter .
A complaint was lodged by New Trade Union Initiative (NTUI) with the National Human Rights Commission. They claimed that more than 40,000 workers were employed in about 7,000 sand stone quarries in Jodhpur. Most of the workers are without any facilities. They want recognition, compensation, medical facilities as stated in ‘Workman Compensation Act’ .